May 1918 - 15 November 1990)
Groupthink. Groupthink is defined as the result of interrelation between cohesive groups due to the group's boundaries, norms and conformity. There are eight implied symptoms that make up groupthink; invulnerability, rationale, morality, stereotypes, pressure, self-censorship, unanimity, and mindguards, all which share similar motives.
-1981, APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award
-Social psychologist known for work on communication, persuasion, military morale, psychological stress, group decision-making
process known as “groupthink”
-Groupthink: a condition arising from group membership in which members working toward unanimity fail to evaluate realistically