Role playing and role reversal 角色扮演与角色转换技术
作者: Arnoud Arntz / 4727次阅读 时间: 2013年10月30日
来源: 边缘人格障碍的图式疗法 标签: BPD
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角色扮演与角色转换技术

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作者:Arnoud Arntz

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M)~"q6WUH0Another way of confronting a patient with the effects of her behaviors is by role playing with role reversal. This is particularly effective when an explanation of the effects of the patient's behaviors on the therapist alone is ineffective. The therapist proposes that they reverse roles and then actually stands up and physically changes chairs with the patient. The therapist can then, for example, role play the protector mode by saying that there is nothing to discuss and everything is just fine. The patient (now playing the role of therapist) must try to think of a way to convince the therapist (now playing the role of patient in the protector mode) to talk about his problems. Usually most patients are very good in the role of the therapist and realize what is taking place in the session and why the therapist is stuck (in this case, in the patient's protector mode).

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影响所面对患者行为的另一种方法是扮演相反的角色。当治疗中对病人行为独自解释无法奏效的时候,这个方法特别有效。治疗师建议彼此转换角色,然后站起来真正的完全与病人互换椅子的位置后,治疗师方可扮演保护者的模式,例如,说:无需多说,一切都很好。(正在扮演治疗师角色的)病人必须想尽办法说服(正在保护模式下扮演病人角色的)治疗师去讨论他的问题。通常,多数患者在治疗师的角色下表现很好并能很好的意识到在会谈中发生了什么,以及治疗师为何(在这种情况下,病人的保护模式)被卡住。心理学空间6Gz*_ Nf"@)G

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a9uMS8l0Schema Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder边缘人格障碍的图式疗法

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