分离保护者模式简介The detached protector
作者: Arnoud Arntz / 5044次阅读 时间: 2013年11月13日
来源: Schema Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder 标签: protector 来访者 欲望 咨询师 自卑感

]&N.x4\A7x3_r;TB0The detached protector分离保护者模式心理学空间z%a e ONR!oDun

心理学空间-_%Ok(I;C CYAm"w

作者:Arnoud Arntz心理学空间;_#rT6pk/KqJW



Zzb'n bE.}4f1`0When the patient is in the detached protector mode, the patient seems relatively mature and calm. A therapist could assume the patient is doing well. In fact, the patient uses this protective mode in order to avoid experiencing or revealing her feelings of fear (abandoned child), inferiority (punishing parent) or anger (impulsive child). Underlying assumptions that play important roles here are those of: it is dangerous to show your feelings and/or desires and to express your opinion. The patient fears losing control of her feelings. She attempts to protect herself from the alleged abuse or abandonment. This becomes particularly evident as she becomes attached to others. The protector keeps other people at a distance either by not engaging in contact or by pushing them away. Should others discover her weaknesses, the patient would face potential humiliation, punishment and/or abandonment. Therefore, for her it is better to not feel anything at all and keep others from getting too close to her.



3WH _D|8U)z"K0心理学空间^7Ht d6fT

j8Z m@"k2d'JG0

O#ul$Zi X ?$o2?9VI.R0Sample dialogue with a patient in the protector mode


W&vh)f:q i}1|P0(In this example and following dialogues, ‘ t' is therapist and ‘p' is patient.)心理学空间6S&C,[O&e9@Es x


t : How are you doing?

TSiI Z3gr3oyZ7Y0心理学空间q \y&D"l ]X.F%M

p : (with no emotion) Good.心理学空间Jn3J:Z(h|!g1V@

2[;jt+X3V KW0t : How was your week, did anything happen that you would like to talk about?


p2UJ Pt2E Sz9e$` u0p : (looks away and yawns) No, not really.心理学空间(r)zl1N+Rj`

byH!CTU \8|0t : So, everything's OK?心理学空间g(E:P;|5T

Ql(v3A)w+~rh X3p0p : Yeah, everything's OK. Maybe we could have a short session today?心理学空间\f4|1]+a4Z7_

uR1UfU6girz L_#s0与处于保护模式患者对话案例





F.p4P uZ ub0心理学空间7KF:Y1Q,fA%|2c*hN

咨询师:这星期好么?有什么事发生么?可以和我谈谈么?心理学空间0W0q:_v4N4A U-yY1K




咨询师:所以,一切都好么?心理学空间A&k+jr4? Z:H(fw

心理学空间"p b,t+W R



s7a{6gVy1v0心理学空间` TV+aX,H%L]

Should simple methods of avoiding painful emotions prove ineffective, she may attempt other manners of escape, such as substance abuse, self - injury (physical pain can sometimes numb psychological pain), staying in bed, disassociation or attempting to end her life. BPD patients often describe this mode as an empty space or a cold feeling. They report feeling distanced from all experiences while in this mode, including therapy.

^#hiKf5M h's0


5o_)EBlJ])A0If the patient is not successful at keeping people at a distance, she can become angry and cynical in an attempt to keep people away from her. It is important for the therapist to recognize these behaviours as forms of protection and not be put off by them. If this angry state is very pronounced, it can be distinguished as a separate ‘ angry protector' mode.心理学空间7I K#V MH8qd

心理学空间5bY+i!{Ww#p r/]


gb#U_(X? \0It is difficult to distinguish the angry protector from the punitive parent, especially during the initial stages of the therapy. One manner of distinction is to observe the direction of the patient's anger. While the angry protector's rage is directed towards the therapist (or someone else), the punitive parent's anger is directed towards the patient herself. If the therapist is unsure of the mode he is presented with, he can simply ask the patient if she is able to disclose which ‘ side' of her personality is currently active.心理学空间,HZS @a(? \4?

JEw-S g| G_ w0从惩罚性的父母中识别识别愤怒保护者很难,尤其是在治疗的最初阶段,区别的一种方法是观察患者的愤怒方向。当愤怒保护者的脾气直接指向治疗师(或其他人),惩罚性父母的愤怒针对的是患者自己。如果治疗师并不确信他眼前所呈现的,他可以简单的询问患者,她是否可以透露她目前展现的是她的哪个性格中的哪一方面。心理学空间V6Oqv~

TAG: protector 来访者 欲望 咨询师 自卑感
«治疗一种“无法治愈”心理疾病的新希望 图式治疗
延伸阅读· · · · · ·