中英对照DSM5《精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版目录
作者: DSM5 / 12233次阅读 时间: 2015年11月21日
标签: DSM5 邓明昱 精神病学
www.psychspace.com心理学空间网
中英对照——《精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版目录
美国精神病学会编,邓明昱博士译

English and Chinese —the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 
Fifth Edition (DSM-5), Classification
American Psychiatric AssociationTranslator: Dr. Mingyu Deng

《精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版(DSM-V)已于2013年5月18日由美国精神病协会(APA)在美国正式出版,此本书的特点在于对某些精神疾病提高其“诊断特异性”标准(也就是诊断准严格要求排除真正没有精神疾病的人)且降低其“诊断敏感性”(亦即某些可能有精神疾患前驱症状不再被确诊为“疾患”)。除此之外,DSM-V尝试使用光谱系统(Spectrum),疾患将不再只是“类别分类”。
为了帮助中国精神科医师、心理师和其他教学科研人员能够大致了解DSM-V,本人将其目录翻译成中文,供大家参考。也请有关同仁指正。


Preface                      前言


Section I: DSM-5 Basics              第一节:DSM-5 基础

Introduction                      介绍
Use of the Manual                    手册的使用
Cautionary Statement for Forensic Use of DSM-5     法医使用DSM-5 的警示声明


Section II: Diagnostic Criteria and Codes 第二节:基本要素:诊断标准和代码

Neurodevelopmental Disorders         神经发育障碍
Intellectual Disabilities              智力发展障碍
Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental 智力残疾(智力发育障碍)
Disorder)

Global Developmental Delay             整体发展迟缓
Unspecified Intellectual Disability (Intellectual  未说明智力发展障碍
Developmental Disorder)

Communication Disorders              交流性障碍
Language Disorder                 语言性障碍
Speech Sound Disorder (previously Phonological   谈话性语音障碍(以前的口吃障碍)
Disorder)                     儿童期发病的流畅性障碍(口吃)
Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering)   社会(应用)交流性障碍
Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder     未特定的交流性障碍
Unspecified Communication Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder                自闭症谱系障碍

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder        注意缺陷/多动障碍
Other Specified Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder其他特定的注意缺陷/多动障碍
Unspecified Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  未特定的注意缺陷/多动障碍

Specific Learning Disorder               特殊学习障碍
Specific Learning Disorder               特殊学习障碍

Motor Disorders                     运动障碍
Developmental Coordination Disorder           发展性协调障碍
Stereotypic Movement Disorder              刻板性运动障碍
Tic Disorders                      抽动障碍
Tourette’s Disorder                   面肌和声带抽动障碍
Persistent (Chronic) Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder   持久(慢性)运动或发声抽动障碍
Provisional Tic Disorder                一过性抽动障碍
Other Specified Tic Disorder              其他特定的抽动障碍
Unspecified Tic Disorder                未特定的抽动障碍
Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders           其他神经发育障碍
Other Specified Neurodevelopmental Disorder       其他特定的神经发育障碍
Unspecified Neurodevelopmental Disorder         未特定的神经发育障碍

Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic   精神分裂症谱系和其他精神病性障碍
Disorders  

Schizotypal (Personality) Disorder           分裂型 (人格)障碍
Delusional Disorder                  妄想性障碍
Brief Psychotic Disorder                短暂的精神病性障碍
Schizophreniform Disorder               分裂样障碍
Schizophrenia                     精神分裂症
Schizoaffective Disorder                情感性分裂障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Psychotic Disorder    物质/药物引起精神障碍
Psychotic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition  由于其他医疗条件所致的精神障碍

Catatonia                       紧张症
Catatonia Associated With Another Mental Disorder   紧张症并其他精神障碍
(Catatonia Specifier)                 (紧张症详细说明)
Catatonic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition  由于其他医疗条件所致的紧张性障碍
Unspecified Catatonia                 未特定的紧张症
Other Specified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other    其他特定的精神分裂症谱系和
Psychotic Disorder                   其他精神病性障碍
Unspecified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic 未特定的精神分裂症谱系
Disorder                        和其他精神病性障碍

Bipolar and Related Disorders          双相及相关障碍
Bipolar I Disorder                   第一型双相障碍
Bipolar II Disorder                  第二型双相障碍
Cyclothymic Disorder                  环性情感性障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Bipolar and Related    物质/药物引起的双相及相关障碍
Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical  由于其他医疗条件所致的
Condition                       双相及相关障碍
Other Specified Bipolar and Related Disorder      其他特定的双相及相关障碍
Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorder        未特定的双相及相关障碍

Depressive Disorders                抑郁障碍
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder          破坏性情绪失调障碍
Major Depressive Disorder, Single and Recurrent Episodes 重度抑郁障碍,单次和反复发作
Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)        持久性抑郁障碍(心境)
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder              经前苦恼障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Depressive Disorder     物质/药物引起的抑郁障碍
Depressive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition   由于其他医疗条件所致的抑郁障碍
Other Specified Depressive Disorder            其他特定的抑郁障碍
Unspecified Depressive Disorder              未特定的抑郁障碍

Anxiety Disorders                 焦虑障碍
Separation Anxiety Disorder               分离性焦虑障碍
Selective Mutism                    选择性缄默症
Specific Phobia                     特定的恐怖症
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)         社交焦虑障碍(社交恐怖症)
Panic Disorder                     恐慌障碍
Panic Attack (Specifier)                惊恐发作(详细说明)
Agoraphobia                       广场恐怖症
Generalized Anxiety Disorder              广泛性焦虑障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Anxiety Disorder      物质/药物诱发的焦虑障碍
Anxiety Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition    由于其他医疗条件所致的焦虑障碍 
Other Specified Anxiety Disorder            其他特定的焦虑障碍
Unspecified Anxiety Disorder              未特定的焦虑障碍

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders    强迫及相关障碍
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder               强迫性障碍
Body Dysmorphic Disorder                 躯体变形障碍
Hoarding Disorder                     囤积障碍
Trichotillomania (Hair-Pulling Disorder)         拔毛症(拔头发障碍)
Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder            剥皮(皮肤采摘)障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Obsessive-Compulsive and   物质/药物引起的强迫及相关障碍
Related Disorder                                      
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder Due to     由于其他医疗条件所致的
Another Medical Condition                 强迫及相关障碍
Other Specified Obsessive-Compulsive and Related     其他特定的强迫和相关障碍
Disorder                         未特定的强迫和相关障碍
Unspecified Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder

Trauma-and Stressor-Related Disorders       创伤和应激相关的障碍
Reactive Attachment Disorder               反应性依恋障碍
Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder          去抑制性社会参与障碍
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder               创伤后应激障碍
Acute Stress Disorder                   急性应激障碍
Adjustment Disorders                   适应障碍
Other Specified Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorder   其他特定的创伤和应激相关障碍
Unspecified Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorder     未特定的创伤和应激相关障碍

Dissociative Disorders               分离性障碍
Dissociative Identity Disorder              分离性身份障碍
Dissociative Amnesia                   分离性遗忘症
Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder         人格解体/失实障碍
Other Specified Dissociative Disorder           其他特定的分离性障碍
Unspecified Dissociative Disorder             未特定的分离性障碍

Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders       躯体症状及相关障碍
Somatic Symptom Disorder                 躯体性症状障碍
Illness Anxiety Disorder                 疾患焦虑障碍
Conversion Disorder (Functional Neurological Symptom   转换性障碍(功能神经性症状障碍)
Disorder)
Psychological Factors Affecting Other Medical Conditions 心理因素影响的其他医学状况
Factitious Disorder                    人为障碍
Other Specified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorder   其他特定的躯体症状和相关的障碍
Unspecified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorder     未特定的躯体症状和相关的障碍

Feeding and Eating Disorders            喂食与饮食障碍
Pica                           异食症
Rumination Disorder                    反刍障碍
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder         回避/限制食物摄入量障碍
Anorexia Nervosa                     神经性厌食症
Bulimia Nervosa                      暴食症
Binge-Eating Disorder                   暴饮暴食障碍
Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder        其他特定的喂食和饮食失调症
Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder          未特定的喂食和饮食失调症


Elimination Disorders                排泄障碍
Enuresis                          夜尿
Encopresis                         大便失禁
Other Specified Elimination Disorder            其他特定的排泄障碍
Unspecified Elimination Disorder              未特定的排泄障碍

Sleep-Wake Disorders                睡眠-觉醒障碍
Insomnia Disorder                     失眠障碍
Hypersomnolence Disorder                  嗜睡障碍
Narcolepsy                         发作性嗜睡症

Breathing-Related Sleep Disorders             与呼吸相关的睡眠障碍
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea              阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气症
Central Sleep Apnea                    中央性睡眠呼吸暂停症
Sleep-Related Hypoventilation               睡眠相关的通气不足

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders           昼夜节律睡眠觉醒障碍

Parasomnias                        异睡症
Non–Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Arousal Disorders      非快速眼动睡眠觉醒障碍
   Sleepwalking                     梦游症
   Sleep Terrors                     夜惊症
Nightmare Disorder                     梦魇障碍
Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder         快速眼动睡眠行为障碍
Restless Legs Syndrome                   多动腿综合征

Substance/Medication-Induced Sleep Disorder         物质/药物诱导睡眠的障碍

Other Specified Insomnia Disorder              其他特定的失眠障碍
Unspecified Insomnia Disorder               未特定的失眠障碍
Other Specified Hypersomnolence Disorder          其他特定嗜睡障碍
Unspecified Hypersomnolence Disorder            未特定的嗜睡障碍
Other Specified Sleep-Wake Disorder            其他特定的睡眠-觉醒障碍
Unspecified Sleep-Wake Disorder              未特定的睡眠-觉醒障碍

Sexual Dysfunctions                 性功能障碍
Delayed Ejaculation                    延迟射精
Erectile Disorder                     勃起功能障碍
Female Orgasmic Disorder                  女性性高潮障碍

Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder           女性性趣/性欲障碍
Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder          生殖器-盆腔的疼痛/侵入障碍
Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder           男性性欲减退障碍

Premature (Early) Ejaculation                早泄
Substance/Medication-Induced Sexual Dysfunction      物质/药物引起的性功能障碍
Other Specified Sexual Dysfunction             其他特定的性功能障碍
Unspecified Sexual Dysfunction               未特定的性功能障碍

Gender Dysphoria                   性别苦恼症
Gender Dysphoria                      性別苦恼症
Other Specified Gender Dysphoria              其他特定的性别苦恼症
Unspecified Gender Dysphoria                未特定的性別苦恼症

Disruptive,Impulse-Control,and Conduct Disorders 破坏性的,冲动控制和行为障碍
Oppositional Defiant Disorder               对立违抗性障碍
Intermittent Explosive Disorder              间歇性爆发性障碍
Conduct Disorder                      品行障碍
Antisocial Personality Disorder              反社会人格障碍
Pyromania                         纵火症
Kleptomania                        盗窃症
Other Specified Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct
Disorder                          其他特定的破坏性,冲动控制和行为障碍
Unspecified Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct    未特定的破坏性,冲动控制和行为障碍
Disorder

Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders     物质相关和成瘾性障碍

Substance-Related Disorders                物质相关性障碍
Substance Use Disorders                  使用物质所致的障碍
Substance-Induced Disorders                物质诱发性障碍
  Substance Intoxication and Withdrawal         物质中毒和戒断
 Substance/Medication-Induced Mental Disorders       物质/药物诱发的心理障碍

Alcohol-Related Disorders                 酒精相关障碍
Alcohol Use Disorder                    饮酒障碍
Alcohol Intoxication                    酒精中毒
Alcohol Withdrawal                     酒精戒断

Other Alcohol-Induced Disorders              其他酒精诱发的障碍
Unspecified Alcohol-Related Disorder            未特定的酒精相关障碍

Caffeine-Related Disorders                 咖啡因相关障碍
Caffeine Intoxication                   咖啡因中毒
Caffeine Withdrawal                    咖啡因戒断
Other Caffeine-Induced Disorders              其他咖啡因诱发的障碍
Unspecified Caffeine-Related Disorder           未特定的咖啡因相关障碍

Cannabis-Related Disorders                 大麻相关障碍
Cannabis Use Disorder                   吸食大麻障碍
Cannabis Intoxication                   大麻中毒
Cannabis Withdrawal                    大麻戒断
Other Cannabis-Induced Disorders              其他大麻诱发的障碍
Unspecified Cannabis-Related Disorder           未特定的大麻相关障碍

Hallucinogen-Related Disorders               致幻剂相关障碍
Phencyclidine Use Disorder                 使用苯环己哌啶所致的障碍
Other Hallucinogen Use Disorder              使用其他致幻剂所致的障碍
Phencyclidine Intoxication                 苯环己哌啶中毒
Other Hallucinogen Intoxication              其他致幻剂中毒
Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder        致幻剂引起的持久性知觉障碍
Other Phencyclidine-Induced Disorders           其他苯环己哌啶诱发的障碍
Other Hallucinogen-Induced Disorders            其他致幻剂诱发的障碍
Unspecified Phencyclidine-Related Disorder         未特定的苯环己哌啶相关障碍
Unspecified Hallucinogen-Related Disorder         未特定的致幻剂相关障碍

Inhalant-Related Disorders                 吸入性药物相关障碍
Inhalant Use Disorder                   使用吸入性药物所致的障碍
Inhalant Intoxication                   吸入性药物中毒
Other Inhalant-Induced Disorders              其他吸入性药物诱发的障碍
Unspecified Inhalant-Related Disorder           未特定的吸入性药物相关障碍

Opioid-Related Disorders                  阿片类物质相关障碍
Opioid Use Disorder                    使用阿片类物质所致的障碍
Opioid Intoxication                    阿片类物质中毒
Opioid Withdrawal                     阿片类物质戒断
Other Opioid-Induced Disorders               其他阿片类物质诱发的障碍
Unspecified Opioid-Related Disorder            未特定的阿片类物质相关障碍

Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic-Related Disorders   镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物相关障碍
Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorder       使用镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物所致障碍
Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Intoxication       镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物中毒
Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Withdrawal        镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物戒断
Other Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic-Induced  
Disorders                         其他镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物诱发的障碍
Unspecified Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic
-Related Disorder                     未特定的镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物相关障碍

Stimulant-Related Disorders                兴奋剂相关障碍

Stimulant Use Disorder                   使用兴奋剂所致的障碍
Stimulant Intoxication                   兴奋剂中毒
Stimulant Withdrawal                    兴奋剂戒断
Other Stimulant-Induced Disorders             其他兴奋剂诱发的障碍
Unspecified Stimulant-Related Disorder           未特定的兴奋剂相关障碍

Tobacco-Related Disorders                 烟草相关障碍
Tobacco Use Disorder                    使用烟草所致的障碍
Tobacco Withdrawal                     烟草戒断
Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders              其他烟草诱发的障碍
Unspecified Tobacco-Related Disorder            未特定的烟草相关障碍

Other (or Unknown) Substance–Related Disorders      其他(或未知)的物质相关障碍
Other (or Unknown) Substance Use Disorder         使用其他(或未知)物质所致的障碍
Other (or Unknown) Substance Intoxication         其他(或未知)的物质中毒
Other (or Unknown) Substance Withdrawal          其他(或未知)的物质戒断
Other (or Unknown) Substance–Induced Disorders      其他(或未知)的物质诱发的障碍
Unspecified Other (or Unknown) Substance– Related    
 Disorder                         未特定的其他 (或未知)的物质相关障碍

Non-Substance-Related Disorders              非物质的相关障碍
Gambling Disorder                     赌博障碍

Neurocognitive Disorders              神经认知障碍
Delirium                          谵妄
Other Specified Delirium                  其他特定的谵妄
Unspecified Delirium                    未特定的谵妄

Major and Mild Neurocognitive Disorders          重度和轻度的神经认知障碍
Major Neurocognitive Disorder               重度的神经认知障碍
Mild Neurocognitive Disorder                轻度的神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to        由于阿尔茨海默氏病导致的重度或
Alzheimer’s Disease                    轻度的神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Frontotemporal Neurocognitive Disorder    重度或轻度的额颞叶神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder With Lewy Bodies   重度或轻度的路易氏体型神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Vascular Neurocognitive Disorder       重度或轻度血管性神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Traumatic   由于脑损伤导致的重度或轻度的
Brain Injury                        神经认知障碍
Substance/Medication-Induced Major or Mild         物质/药物诱发的重度或轻度
Neurocognitive Disorder                  神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to HIV      由于艾滋病毒HIV 感染导致的重度或
Infection                         轻度神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Prion     由于朊病毒病导致的重度或轻度
Disease                          神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to        由于帕金森氏病导致的重度或轻度
Parkinson’s Disease                    神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to        由于亨廷顿氏病导致的重度或轻度
Huntington’s Disease                   神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Another    由于其他医疗条件导致的重度或轻度
Medical Condition                     神经认知障碍
Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Multiple   由于多种病因导致的重度或轻度
Etiologies                         神经认知障碍
Unspecified Neurocognitive Disorder            未特定的神经认知障碍

Personality Disorders                人格障碍
General Personality Disorder                一般的人格障碍

Cluster A Personality Disorders              人格障碍A群
Paranoid Personality Disorder               偏执型人格障碍
Schizoid Personality Disorder               分裂样人格障碍
Schizotypal Personality Disorder              分裂型人格障碍

Cluster B Personality Disorders              人格障碍B群
Antisocial Personality Disorder              反社会型人格障碍
Borderline Personality Disorder              边缘型人格障碍
Histrionic Personality Disorder              表演型人格障碍
Narcissistic Personality Disorder              自恋型人格障碍

Cluster C Personality Disorders              人格障碍C群
Avoidant Personality Disorder               回避型人格障碍
Dependent Personality Disorder               依赖型人格障碍
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder         强迫性人格障碍

Other Personality Disorders                其他人格障碍
Personality Change Due to Another Medical Condition    由于其他医疗条件所致的人格障碍
Other Specified Personality Disorder            其他特定人格障碍
Unspecified Personality Disorder              未特定的人格障碍

Paraphilic Disorders                性偏好异常症
Voyeuristic Disorder                   窥淫障碍
Exhibitionistic Disorder                 露阴障碍
Frotteuristic Disorder                  摩擦障碍
Sexual Masochism Disorder                 性受虐障碍
Sexual Sadism Disorder                  性施虐障碍
Pedophilic Disorder                    恋童障碍
Fetishistic Disorder                   恋物障碍
Transvestic Disorder                   异性装扮障碍
Other Specified Paraphilic Disorder            其他指定的性偏好异常症
Unspecified Paraphilic Disorder              未指定的性偏好异常症

Other Mental Disorders              其他心理障碍
Other Specified Mental Disorder Due to Another Medical  由其他医疗条件所致的其他特定的心理障碍
Condition
Unspecified Mental Disorder Due to Another Medical    由其他医疗条件所致的未特定的心理障碍
Condition
Other Specified Mental Disorder             其他特定的心理障碍
Unspecified Mental Disorder               未特定的心理障碍

Medication-Induced Movement Disorders and Other
Adverse Effects of Medication              药物诱发的运动障碍及其它药物的不良反应

Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical    其他情况,可能成为临床关注的焦点
Attention


Section III: Emerging Measures and Models    第三节  新兴的测量方法与模式

Assessment Measures                评估测量
Cross-Cutting Symptom Measures              横截面测量
   DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom    
   Measure—Adult                   DSM-5 自测水平1,横截面测量—成人
   Parent/Guardian-Rated DSM-5 Level 1 Cross- Cutting 父母/监护人测查DSM-5水平1,横截面测量
   Symptom Measure—Child Age 6–17          —6-17岁儿童
Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom     临床医生测查精神病症状的严重程度
Severity
World Health Organization Disability Assessment     世界卫生组织的残疾评估表2.0
Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0)

Cultural Formulation                文化构想
Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI)            文化构想晤谈
Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI)—Informant Version  文化构想晤谈——被调查者版本

Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders DSM-5关于人格障碍的替代模式

Conditions for Further Study            进一步研究的疾患
Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome                弱型精神病综合征
Depressive Episodes With Short-Duration Hypomania     抑郁发作并短时轻躁狂
Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder          持久复杂的居丧障碍
Caffeine Use Disorder                   咖啡因导致的障碍
Internet Gaming Disorder                  网络游戏障碍
Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated With Prenatal  
Alcohol Exposure                      与神经行为障碍相关的胎儿酒精综合征
Suicidal Behavior Disorder                 自杀行为障碍
Nonsuicidal Self-Injury                  非自杀性自我伤害


Appendix                                       附录

www.psychspace.com心理学空间网
TAG: DSM5 邓明昱 精神病学
«早年父亲去世的心理创伤——一例男大学生的深入访谈分析 问诊策略与技能
《问诊策略与技能》
来访者动机:心理咨询与治疗理论与实践的整合»
延伸阅读· · · · · ·