Freud 1933c 圣多尔·弗伦兹(悼文)
作者: 弗洛伊德 著 / 2410次阅读 时间: 2016年1月21日
来源: 安德烈先生 标签: Ferenczi 弗洛伊德
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圣多尔·弗伦兹(1933c)心理学空间2DE*[J3v
Sandor Ferenczi( XXII,227-9 )
作者 西格蒙德·弗洛伊德
译者 安德烈先生

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(bV/x`hDXY0我们已经从经验中认识到,期待是不会有太大的代价的,因此我们慷慨地表现出一个又一个最好的也是最温暖的祝福。在这些当中,最主要的是为了得到一个长久的生命。一个很著名的东方故事揭示出了正是这个愿望的双面性。苏丹王将他的星座抛给两个聪明的男人。“你很幸福,主人!”他们其中的一个说。“星星上写着你将看到你所有的亲属在你之前死去。”这个先知被处死了。“你很幸福。”另一个人也说,“因为我在星星上读出你将活得比你所有的亲属都久。”这个人得到了富裕的奖赏。这两者给出的表达都是对同一个愿望的满足。
/CV#~v:R Q~#q.i0We have learnt by experience that wishing costs little; so we generously present one another with the best and warmest of wishes. And of these the foremost is for a long life. A well known Eastern tale reveals the double-sidedness of precisely this wish. The Sultan had his horoscope cast by two wise men. ‘Thy lot is happy, master!’ said one of them. ‘It is written in the stars that thou shalt see all thy kinsmen die before thee.’ This prophet was executed. ‘Thy lot is happy!’ said the other too, ‘for I read in the stars that thou shalt outlive all thy kinsmen.’ This one was richly rewarded. Both had given expression to the fulfilment of the same wish.
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{)vH%E%VT4O9x H0在1926年一月,那时我给我们难忘的朋友——卡尔·亚伯拉罕写讣告,这让我很伤心。几年之前,在1923年,我可以祝贺圣多尔·弗伦兹50岁生日。今天,不到十年之后,我很伤心我也失去他了。在我为他生日写的东西中,我可以公开地祝贺他的多才多艺,他的原创才能,还有他天赋的富足。但是谨慎禁止我对一个朋友说他可爱而亲切的个性,(因为)他准备的是欢迎每一件更有意义的事物。
a[.m+_,?yb_0It fell to me in January, 1926, to write an obituary of our unforgettable friend, Karl Abraham. A few years earlier, in 1923, I could congratulate Sándor Ferenczi on the completion of his fiftieth year. To-day, scarcely a decade later, it grieves me that I have outlived him too. In what I wrote for his birthday I was able to celebrate openly his versatility and originality and the richness of his gifts; but the discretion imposed on a friend forbade my speaking of his lovable and affectionate personality, with its readiness to welcome everything of significance.心理学空间l`9U+V"v/R5o.mS

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自从他受对精神分析的兴趣的指引而跟我走到一起,那时他还年轻,我们彼此分享了很多事情。我邀请他和我一起去马萨诸塞州的伍斯特,1909年在一个一周的庆祝活动中,我在那儿要求做一个演讲。早上,在我开始演讲的时间到之前,我们一起在大学的建筑前面散步,我让他给我关于我今天应该讲些什么的建议。他给我一些简单的描述,半个小时之后,我就在我的演讲中将之即兴发挥。用这样的方式,他分享了最初的五个讲座。在这之后不久,在1910年的纽伦堡会议上,我安排他提出一个方案,即把分析家们组织成为一个国际协会。这个方案是我们共同思考出来的。经过稍作修改,它就被接受了,并一直有效持续到今天。我们连续花了几年时间一起在意大利度过秋季的假期,之后在学术界很多以我或者他的名义发表的论文,在我们在意大利的谈话中已见雏形。当时间大战的爆发限制了我们行动的自由,并且也瘫痪了我们的分析活动时,他利用空闲时间同我开始了他的分析。当他被征服兵役时,分析遭到了中断,但是他之后会继续下去。然而,由很多很多我们分享的那些经历在我们之间建立起来共同的紧密联系是不会受到干扰的,不幸的是,在他之后的生活中,他与一位杰出的女性结合了,而今天我悲悼的是,这位女性竟成为了他的寡妇。心理学空间-T$Z*p2g#q3U0|9F
Since the days when he was led to me by his interest in psycho-analysis, still in its youth, we have shared many things with each other. I invited him to go with me to Worcester, Massachusetts, when in 1909 I was called upon to lecture there during a week of celebrations. In the morning, before the time had come for my lecture to begin, we would walk together in front of the University building and I would ask him to suggest what I should talk about that day. He thereupon gave me a sketch of what, half an hour later, I improvised in my lecture. In this way he had a share in the origin of the Five Lectures. Soon after this, at the Nuremberg Congress of 1910, I arranged that he should propose the organization of analysts into an international association - a scheme which we had thought out together. With slight modifications it was accepted and is in force to this day. For many successive years we spent the autumn holidays together in Italy, and a number of papers that appeared later in the literature under his or my name took their first shape in our talks there. When the outbreak of the World War put an end to our freedom of movement, and paralysed our analytic activity as well, he made use of the interval to begin his analysis with me. This met with a break when he was called up for military service, but he was able to resume it later. The feeling of a secure common bond, which grew up between us from so many shared experiences, was not interrupted when, late in life unfortunately, he was united to the outstanding woman who mourns him to-day as his widow.

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7c0H]-? \ q0十年之前,当《国际歌》杂志用特殊期刊号献给弗伦兹过他50岁生日的时候,他已经发表了让所有的分析家都成为他学生的最主要的工作。但是,他还在隐瞒他最卓越,最丰富的成就。我知道那些,在我再三的劝说下,他才把那些送给我们。之后,在1924年,他的“生殖器理论”发表了。这本小书比起精神分析研究来说更是生物学研究。这是一个将与精神分析有关的态度和洞见引进性进程生物学的应用。并超越他们,将之引进到有机生命体当中。这也许是以往尝试过的最大胆的对精神分析的应用。作为它的中心思想,它强调保留本能的自然,这种自然寻求重建每一件因受外界影响而禁止的事物的态度。符号,作为连接古代的证据,是公认的。一些令人印象深刻的例子被提出来展示心理的特征是如何保留身体实质中的原始改变的痕迹。当一个人读了这些著作时,他似乎了理解许多性生活的特征,而这些他之前是不可能获得一个全面的理解的,而且他会发现自己得到了更充实的暗示,这些暗示确保了在生物学的广泛领域中深入的洞见。今天尝试着从按照科学的幻想之潮流中寻求猜测未来的知识区分被接受的真正的发现,这种尝试是没有结果的工作。我们把这小书放到一边,并伴有一种感觉:“第一边看几乎有太多值得吸取的;我一会儿将再看一遍。”但是不仅仅是我有这种感觉,而且也许将来每一个时候,就像弗伦兹预言的那样,真地会出现一种“生物分析学”,而那将会要回到“生殖器理论”。
+P M&ud~?mN~0Ten years ago, when the Internationale Zeitschrift dedicated a special number to Ferenczi on his fiftieth birthday, he had already published most of the works which have made all analysts into his pupils. But he was holding back his most brilliant and most fertile achievement. I knew of it, and in the closing sentence of my contribution I urged him to give it to us. Then, in 1924, his Versuch einer Genitaltheorie appeared. This little book is a biological rather than a psycho-analytic study; it is an application of the attitudes and insights associated with psycho-analysis to the biology of the sexual processes and, beyond them, to organic life in general. It was perhaps the boldest application of psycho-analysis that was ever attempted. As its governing thought it lays stress on the conservative nature of the instincts, which seek to re-establish every state of things that has been abandoned owing to an external interference. Symbols are recognized as evidence of ancient connections. Impressive instances are adduced to show how the characteristics of what is psychical preserve traces of primaeval changes in the bodily substance. When one has read this work, one seems to understand many peculiarities of sexual life of which one had never previously been able to obtain a comprehensive view, and one finds oneself the richer for hints that promise a deep insight into wide fields of biology. It is a vain task to attempt already to-day to distinguish what can be accepted as an authentic discovery from what seeks, in the fashion of a scientific phantasy, to guess at future knowledge. We lay the little book aside with a feeling: ‘This is almost too much to take in at a first reading; I will read it again after a while.’ But it is not only I who feel like this. It is probable that some time in the future there will really be a ‘bio-analysis’, as Ferenczi has prophesied, and it will have to cast back to the Versuch einer Genitaltheorie.
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在这次成功的峰会之后,我们的朋友慢慢地飘离我们而去了。他在美国工作了一段时间又回来之后,尽管他之前在分析圈子中做出了最生动的分享,但他似乎撤回到了一个越来越孤独的工作状态中。我们认识到一个单独的问题已经垄断了他的兴趣。需要治疗和帮助在他那里已经变得至高无上了。他也许要将他自己的目标设在一个,我们的治疗意义今天也完全达不到的地方。从那些情感的没有完全完成的模糊话语中,一种信念在他身上诞生了。那就是,如果我们能给我们的患者足够的爱,这爱是他们像孩子一样所渴望的。那么我们就可以影响我们的患者更远。他想发现如何把这带入到精神分析情境的框架中,但是他没有成功,他离开了,也许也不再相信他朋友们的共识。不论他独自开始的这条路把他引向何方,他都不能追求到终点。在他身上严重的有机体损害过程的信号慢慢显现出来,这可能已经遮盖了他生命的光芒许多年了。在他六十岁生日之前不久,他就死于了恶性贫血。我相信我们科学的历史将永远不会忘记他。心理学空间 yt5R+XYh,p
After this summit of achievement, it came about that our friend slowly drifted away from us. On his return from a period of work in America he seemed to withdraw more and more into solitary work, though he had previously taken the liveliest share in all that happened in analytic circles. We learnt that one single problem had monopolized his interest. The need to cure and to help had become paramount in him. He had probably set himself aims which, with our therapeutic means, are altogether out of reach to-day. From unexhausted springs of emotion the conviction was borne in upon him that one could effect far more with one’s patients if one gave them enough of the love which they had longed for as children. He wanted to discover how this could be carried out within the framework of the psycho-analytic situation; and so long as he had not succeeded in this, he kept apart, no longer certain, perhaps, of agreement with his friends. Wherever it may have been that the road he had started along would have led him, he could not pursue it to the end. Signs were slowly revealed in him of a grave organic destructive process which had probably overshadowed his life for many years already. Shortly before completing his sixtieth year he succumbed to pernicious anaemia. It is impossible to believe that the history of our science will ever forget him.心理学空间 f%{'vP g:sg/ah7h!^
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