Murray Bowen, M.D.鲍文简介
作者: bowen / 11196次阅读 时间: 2011年1月29日
标签: 鲍文 代际模型 简介

Murray Bowen, M.D.

January 31, 1913 - October 9, 1990

Murray Bowen was born in Waverly, Tennessee to a family that had been in Middle Tennessee since the Revolution. Waverly, which is located about sixty miles west of Nashville in Humphreys County, was a town of approximately 1000 inhabitants in 1913 when Murray Bowen was born. He was the oldest of Jess Sewell Bowen's and Maggie May Luff Bowen's five children. He attended primary and secondary schools in Waverly, earned a B.S. degree from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville in 1934, and an M.D. from the University of Tennessee Medical School, Memphis in 1937. He then interned at Bellevue Hospital in New York City in 1938 and at the Grasslands Hospital in Valhalla, New York from 1939-41.

Following medical training, Murray Bowen served five years of active duty with the Army during World War II, 1941-46. He served in the United States and Europe, rising from the rank of Lieutenant to Major. He had been accepted for a fellowship in surgery at the Mayo Clinic to begin after military service, but Bowen's wartime experiences resulted in a change of interest from surgery to psychiatry.

His psychiatric training was at the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kansas,beginning in 1946. He became a staff member upon completion of his formal training--although he had assumed staff-level responsibilities while still in a training status--and remained at Menninger's until 1954. He then embarked on a unique five-year research project at the National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda, Maryland. The project involved families with an adult schizophrenic child living on a research ward for long periods of time.

Bowen left N.I.M.H. in 1959 to become a half-time faculty member in the Department of Psychiatry at Georgetown University Medical Center. He became a Clinical Professor, was Director of Family Programs, and in 1975 founded the Georgetown Family Center. Dr. Bowen was the Director of the Family Center until his death. He also maintained a private psychiatric practice at his home-office in Chevy Chase, Maryland.

He was Visiting Professor in a variety of medical schools including the University of Maryland, 1956-1963; and part-time Professor and Chairman, Division of Family and Social Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, from 1964to 1978. While at MCV he pioneered the use of closed-circuit television in family therapy. Television was used to integrate family therapy with family theory.

Murray Bowen was a scholar, researcher, clinician, teacher, and writer. He worked tirelessly toward a science of human behavior, one that viewed man as a part of all life. He was very active in professional organizations, always wanting to contribute in any way he could, usually trying to remind himself that there was only so much he could do. He was a life fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, the American Orthopsychiatric Association and the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. He served two consecutive terms as the first President of the American Family Therapy Association. His activities and prolific writings led to many awards and much recognition. He was recognized as Alumnus of the Year by the Menninger Foundation in 1985 and received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville in 1986.

He has been credited as being one of those rare human beings who had a genuinely new idea. He had the courage to go against the psychiatric and societal mainstream, to stand up for what he believed about human behavior. Thanks to his efforts the world has been rewarded with a new theory of human behavior, one with the potential to replace Freudian theory with a radically new method of psychotherapy based on the new theory.

Murray Bowen鲍文代际模型中的八个核心概念

1、Triangles 三角关系

2、Differentiation of Self 自我分化

3、Nuclear Family Emotional System 核心家庭情绪系统

4、Family Projection Process 家庭投射过程

5、Multigenerational Transmission Process 多代传递过程

6、Emotional Cutoff 情绪阻断

7、Sibling Position 同胞地位

8、Societal Emotional Process 社会情绪过程

TAG: 鲍文 代际模型 简介
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    [name] => Murray Bowen鲍文
    [note] => Murray Bowen鲍文, M.D.  Jan-31, 1913 - Oct-9, 1990
家庭治疗理论家,出身于田纳西州纳什维尔西堪县的小镇韦弗利。早年在梅宁格诊所Menninger Clinic对精神分裂症人及其家庭治疗,1954年将其工作迁移到了国家心理健康研究所NIHM。
当他发现母子互动的情绪强度视乎是整个家庭的关系特征而不仅仅处于母子之间后。鲍文提出了家庭情绪系统的概念。这是一种由控制家庭行为而塑造的家庭指导系统,这格系统在鲍文看来是一个理解人类互动、可行的框架。 [type] => news [ischannel] => 0 [displayorder] => 0 [tpl] => [viewtpl] => [thumb] => 2011/01/1_2011012915025711Cl8.thumb.jpg [image] => 2011/01/1_2011012915025711Cl8.jpg [haveattach] => 0 [bbsmodel] => 0 [bbsurltype] => [blockmodel] => 1 [blockparameter] => [blocktext] => [url] => [subcatid] => 584 [htmlpath] => [domain] => [perpage] => 20 [prehtml] => [homeid] => 0 [upname] => 代际模型 )