Carol O Eckerman
作者: Eckerman / 4198次阅读 时间: 2011年8月05日
来源: duke.edu
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Carol O Eckerman
Professor Emeritus
Psychology and Neuroscience
214 Soc-Psych
Mailing Address: 214 Soc-Psych Durham, NC 27708
cecker@duke.edu
Research Summary
Premature Infants and Communication Skills
Research Description
My research focuses upon delineating processes of developmental change, creating explanatory models of how biological, behavioral, and social-cultural factors act together in development, and detailing how developing organism's own modes of functioning shape their subsequent paths of development. I address these issues mainly through the study of how human newborns become transformed into three-year-olds who have mastered several of the basic forms of cooperative action valued within their culture (e.g., social games, verbal conversations, cooperative problem-solving). Four interrelated lines of inquiry are ongoing. The first relates differences among very-prematurely-born infants in early central nervous system development to their paths of social-communicative development over the first two years of life. The second uses classical eyeblink conditioning paradigms to better characterize the behavioral differences between preterm and full-term infants in terms of cognitive, attentional, and arousal processes. The third asks whether the pivotal roles of imitative behavior in the early communicative development of USA toddlers also occur for the Seltaman toddlers of Papua New Guinea. The fourth details children's communicative and memory skills and the social experiences that facilitate their transition from being effective communicators about present events to their becoming effective communicators about past events.
Education

PhD,
Psychology,
Columbia University,
1968

M.A.,
Psychology,
Columbia University,
1966

A.B. (with Honors),
Psychology,
The College of Wooster,
1963
Recent Publications
 

Journal Articles

Peterman, K., & Eckerman, C.O..
(under review). 
Sharing is important: The function of self-disclosure in the peer conversations of five-year-olds.
.

Herbert, J., Eckerman, C. O., Goldstein, R.F., & Stanton, M.E..
(2004). 
Contrasts in infant classical eyeblink conditioning as a function of premature birth.
Infancy
,

(3) 
.

Herbert, J., Eckerman, C.O., & Stanton.
(2003). 
The Ontogeny of Human Learning in Delay, Long-Delay, and Trace Eyeblink Conditioning.
Behavioral Neuroscience

117 
(6) 
.

Claflin, D.I., Herbert, J., Greer, J., Eckerman, C.O., & Stanton, M.E..
(2002). 
A Delay-Interval Study of Classical Eyeblink Conditioning in 5-Month Human Infants.
Developmental Psychobiology

41 

329-340.

Didow, S.M. & Eckerman, C.O..
(2001). 
Toddler Peers: From Nonverbal Coordinated Action to Verbal Discourse.
Social Development

10 

170-188.

Haden, C.A., Ornstein, P.A., Eckerman, C.O., & Didow, S.M..
(2001). 
Mother-Child Conversational Interactions as Events Unfold: Linkages to Subsequent Remembering.
Child Development

72 

1016-1031.

Ivkovitch, D., Collins, K.L., Eckerman, C.O., Krasnegor, N.A., & Stanton, M.E..
(1999). 
Classical Delay Eyeblink Conditioning in 4- and 5-Month-Old Infants.
Psychological Science

10 

4-8.

C.O. Eckerman & Whitehead, H..
(1999). 
How Toddler Peers Generate Coordinated Action: A Cross-Cultural Exploration.
Early Childhood Education
.

C.O. Eckerman, Hsu, H-C., Molitor, A., & Leung, E.H.L..
(1999). 
Infant Arousal in an En-Face Exchange with a New Partner: Effects of Prematurity and Preinatal Biological Risk.
Developmental Psychology

35 

282-293.

Eckerman, C.O., & Didow, S.M..
(1996). 
Nonverbal imitation and toddlers' mastery of verbal means of achieving coordinated action.
Developmental Psychology

32 

141-152.

Eckerman, C.O., Oehler, J.M., Hannan, T.E., & Molitor, A..
(1995). 
The development prior to term age of very-prematurely-born newborns' responsiveness in En Face exchanges.
Infant Behavior and Development

18 
,
283-297.

Eckerman, C.O., Oehler, J.M., Medvin, M.B., & Hannan, T.E..
(1994). 
Premature newborns' behavior as social partners before term age.
Infant Behavior and Development

17 

55-70.

Brazy, J.E., Eckerman, C.O., Oehler, J.M., Goldstein, R.F., & O'Rand, A.M..
(1991).
Nursery neurobiologic risk score: Important factors in predicting outcome in very low birth weight infants.
The Journal of Pediatrics

118 

783-792.

Eckerman, C.O., & Stein, M.R..
(1990). 
How imitation begets imitation and toddlers' generation of games.
Developmental Psychology

26 

370-378.

Eckerman, C.O., Davis, C.C., & Didow, S.M..
(1989). 
Toddlers' emerging ways of achieving social coordinations with a peer.
Child Development

60 

440-453.

Eckerman, C.O., & Didow, S.M..
(1989). 
Toddlers' social coordinations: Changing responses to another's invitation to play.
Developmental Psychology

25 

794-804.

Oehler, J.M, Eckerman, C.O., & Wilson, W.H..
(1988). 
Social stimulation and the regulation of premature infants' state prior to term age.
Infant Behavior and Development

11 

333-351.

Eckerman, C.O., & Didow, S.M..
(1988). 
Lessons drawn from observing young peers together.
Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica

77 

55-70.

Eckerman, C.O., Sturm, L.A., & Gross, S.J..
(1985). 
Differet developmental courses for very-low-birthweight infants differing in early head growth.
Developmental Psychology

21 

813-827.

Dorval, B., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1984). 
The development of conversation.
Mongraphs of the Society for Research in Child Development

49 
(2) 

91.

Brazy, J., Eckerman, C.O., & Gross, S.J..
(1983). 
Follow-up of infants.
Journal of Pediatrics

102 

611-613.

Gross, S.J., Oehler, J.M., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1983). 
Head growth and developmental outcome in very low-birth-weight infants.
Pediatrics

71 

70-75.

McGehee, L.J., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1983). 
The preterm infant as a social partner: Responsive but unreadable.
Infant Behavior and Development



461-470.

Gross, S.J., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1983). 
Normative early head growth in very-low-birthweight infants.
Journal of Pediatrics

103 

946-949.

Gross, S.J., Oehler, J.M., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1980). 
Head circumference at birth and growth at six weeks as predictors of developmental outcome in very low birthweight infants.
Pediatric Research

14 

434.

Eckerman, C.O., Whatley, J.L., & McGehee.
(1979). 
Approaching and contacting the object another manipulates.
Developmental Psychology

15 

585-593.

Eckerman, C.O., & Whatley, J.L..
(1977). 
Toys and social interaction between infant peers.
Child Development

48 

1645-1656.

Eckerman, C.O., Whatley, J.L., & Kutz, S.L..
(1975). 
Grwth of social play with peers during the second year of life.
Developmental Psychology

11 

42-49.

Eckerman, C.O., & Whatley, J.L..
(1975). 
Infants' reactions to unfamiliar adults varying in novelty.
Developmental Psychology

11 

562-566.

Eckerman, C.O., & Rheingold, H.L..
(1974). 
Infants exploratory responses to toys and people.
Developmental Psychology

10 

255-259.

Corter, C.M., Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1972). 
Toys delay the infants following of his mother.
Developmental Psychology



138-145.

Ross, H.S., Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1972). 
Approach and exploration of a novel alternative by 12-month old infants.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

13 

85-93.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1971). 
Familiar social and nonsocial stimuli and the kittens response to a strange environment.
Developmental Psychobiology



71-89.

Eckerman, C.O., Rheingold, H.L., & Helwig, R.A..
(1971). 
A laboratory for developmental psychologists.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

11 

54-62.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1970). 
The infant separates himself from his mother.
Science

168 

78-83.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1969). 
The infant's free entry into a new environment.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology



271-283.
Chapters in Books

C.O. Eckerman & Peterman, K..
(2001). 
Peers and Infant Social/Communicative Development.
In G. Bremner & A. Fogel (Eds.), 
Blackwell Handbook of Infant Development
.
Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Ivkovich, D., Eckerman, C.O., Krasnegor, N.A., & Stanton, M.E..
(2000). 
Using Eyeblink Conditioning to Assess Neurocognitive Development.
In D.S. Woodruff-Pak & J.E. Steinmetz (Eds.), 
Eyeblink Classical Conditioning: Human
.
Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Eckerman, C.O..
(1996). 
Early social-communicative development: Illustrative development analyses.
In R.B. Cairns, et al. (Eds.), 
Developmental science
.
New York: Cambridge University Press.

Eckerman, C.O..
(1993). 
Toddlers' achievement of coordinated action with conspecifics: A dynamic systems perspective.
In L.B. Smith & E. Thelen (Eds.),
Dynamical systems in development: Applications
.
Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books, MIT Press.

Eckerman, C.O..
(1993). 
Imitation and toddlers' achievement of coordinated action with others.
In J. Nadel & L. Camaioni (Eds.), 
New perspectives in early comunicative development
.
London: Routledge.

Eckerman, C.O., & Oehler, J.M..
(1992). 
Very-low-birthweight newborns and parents as early social partners.
In S.L. Friedman & M.D. Sigman (Eds.), 
The psychological development of low birthweight children
.
Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Eckerman, C.O., & Stein, M.R..
(1982). 
The toddlers emerging interactive skills.
In K.H. Rubin & H.S. Ross (Eds.), 
Peer relationships and social skills in childhood
.
New York: Springer-Verlag.

Eckerman, C.O..
(1979). 
The human infant in social interaction.
In R.B. Cairns (Eds.), 
Social interactions: Methods, issues, and illustrations
.
Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1975). 
Some proposals for unifying the study of social development.
In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), 
Peer relations and friendship
.
New York: Wiley.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1973). 
Fear of a stranger: A critical examination.
In H.W. Reese (Eds.), 
Advances in child development and behavior
.
New York: Academic Press.

Rheingold, H.L., & Eckerman, C.O..
(1971). 
Departures from the mother.
In H.R. Schaffer (Eds.), 
The orgins of human social relations
.
New York: Academic Press.
Commentaries/Book Reviews

Eckerman, C.O..
(1975). 
Researching infants' reactions to strangers (Review of The infant's reaction to stangers by T.G. Decarie.
Contemporary Psychology
,
20 
,
328-329.
Other

Eckerman, C.O..
(August 1977). 
Presentation of 1977 G. Stanley Hall Award to Harriet Lange.
American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, California.
(Reproduced in the Newsletter of the Division of Developmental Psychology, American Psychological Association)
 

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