Tulving E. 1985. Memory and consciousness记忆与意识. Canadian Psychology, 26(1)
作者: Tulving / 7225次阅读 时间: 2011年10月13日
来源: Canadian Psychology 标签: Tulving 记忆 托尔文 意识
Tulving E. 1985. Memory and consciousness. Canadian Psychology, 26 (1), 1-12.

Memory and consciousness

Journal Name
Canadian Psychology

Speculations supported by empirical observations are offered concerning different memory systems (procedural. semantic. and episodic) and corresponding varieties of consciousness (anoetic. noetic. and autonoetic), with special emphasis on episodic memory and autoncetic consciousness as its necessary correlate. Evidence relevant to these speculations is derived from a case study of an amnesic patient who is conscious in some ways but not in others. as well as from simple experiments on recall and recognition by normal subjects. Autonoetic (self-knowing) consciousness is the name given to the kind of consciousness that mediates an individual's awareness of his or her existence and identity in subjective time extending from the personal past through the present to the personal future. It provides the characteristic phenomenal flavour of the experience of remembering. The extent to which autonoetic consciousness is engaged in recall and recognition of word-events was measured in two demonstration experiments whose results were systematically related to the conditions under which the recovery of knowledge about the events was observed.

Volume26 (1)
AuthorsTulving E.

More InformationPublisher: CANADIAN PSYCHOL ASSOC, 151 SLATER ST, STE 205, OTTAWA ON K1P 5H3, CANADA Subject Category: Psychology, Multidisciplinary IDS Number: TX790 ISSN: 0708-5591


TAG: Tulving 记忆 托尔文 意识
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