心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺心理学书籍 psychspace.com}*bP#RaD
出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com2j$e!ym h4f@B
开本:小16开心理学书籍 psychspace.com.X D0Q5VC3p k#Xs b
装帧:精装
j q:Au]y0字数:950千字心理学书籍 psychspace.com#}6fzTi
页数:842页
/ctG0a\ Z3X-]0ISBN:9787115269874心理学书籍 psychspace.comgrfU3B4V
定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com0~j"RKtX-HpM
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。心理学书籍 psychspace.commPr-~"`-~[,ciE

1vE-Qd7TE0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

/@ }3Q M @3wn:Gi0 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.
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Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology心理学书籍 psychspace.comoYO8n$np.{:o

qFlV7u0Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual
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目录

/oO!]K f oUC0第一编 概念与伦理基础
M(p@li0第1章 行为研究的精神
u-fT9JY3X-k0第2章 探索与辩护的环境心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Hk M4i%N t:D
第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针
:T pu.WO8mb'mnM0第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化心理学书籍 psychspace.comIGG7dJL4N
第4章 测量信度和效度
?v)r6m(k6BL2xkFs0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\K$U~m#[0J;X;Wu
第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Z H4Gn4X5]5e
第三编 研究设计的逻辑心理学书籍 psychspace.com(L)O8d$r-K {?_tb
第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论心理学书籍 psychspace.com p,w|3n bt0j'q3Q7cf"G
第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系
fuM ~4Zc0第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本
.|d+HF/v5M0第四编 数据分析的基本原理心理学书籍 psychspace.com t"L,MLH|2d
第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~F/K4N8RE/l
第11章 相关关系心理学书籍 psychspace.comi4\$Lhf)b}{ g
第12章 统计检验力与效应值心理学书籍 psychspace.com%h?"V+hQln;YBn
第五编 单因素设计
^3hh9s-y R BB0第13章 用t 检验比较均值
i/v;_$c5HQ\0第14章 方差分析与F 检验
D$E\-sv0第15章 单因素对比分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com/Q s.f$rF VQ2d
第六编 因素设计心理学书籍 psychspace.com&J$K_%W1J.u(N ]L1{5c0{
第16章 多因素方差分析
1b9k`bjcw^'we C0第17章 方差分析中的交互作用
-Ep#M-@6bY0第18章 重复测量方差分析
&Y ?9h@Tm-@{7v ?-K a0第七编 数据分析的补充问题
UHXOhv0第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com d~o-u'Y Ol#`d%qw
第20章 多元数据分析
Lj4i,moBj0第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com*k)|;U:_)]Q4F
第八编 附录心理学书籍 psychspace.coml F I.~'CynzR/?
详细目录心理学书籍 psychspace.comv l3xx4}o-Fs
PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS心理学书籍 psychspace.com*b$iR!|.v XEn_n
Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research
[A4tS s;l)_0Science and the Search for Knowledge心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Z1c$X%~v(f'\%i_
What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?
(dxN$tU-G0{0Social Constructionism
A/B d"C Tb0Contextualism/Perspectivism心理学书籍 psychspace.comZm$dR|!I Kq
Evolutionary Epistemology心理学书籍 psychspace.coma9[ }7O`}(KM
Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing
B@Phf3IW#x`0Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics心理学书籍 psychspace.com6_,|3WR:v
Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction心理学书籍 psychspace.com-Z%\'u b!p.P-U
Behavioral Research Defi ned
`CSs_0Three Broad Research Orientations
8q$Uo'L;n ^g3d0The Descriptive Research Orientation
|U2v'r5uZ0The Relational Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.com{0^!uU:s,m2t j
The Experimental Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.com`,SG[2k"]M8R*E
Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions
-X#a9h?|T#i0Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice心理学书籍 psychspace.com@2f8D2R2]q
Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation
})OFuQ8F+d0Inspiration and Explanation
'R(|1x7|@5h0Theories and Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.comh?,Q y9W;nU[Q~
Sources of Inspiration and Insight
+s)` a OKG1F0Serendipity in Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com4zS7M%]@[K a
Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses
+B)Ywc2JT7a'^8w5w0Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.comOI.g3g-P&EMC
Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.comg&n,L(}5B/J$Z(?,i
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size心理学书籍 psychspace.com\Q1EC!y[
Two Families of Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com:B Gc0F8DW0Y&Io
Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com#lN,CKJI2m
Summing Up心理学书籍 psychspace.com:ghPDG Ln"E;ji%Q
Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.comSv9OC Q
Puzzles and Problems心理学书籍 psychspace.com6{ RT$w f;o(e/f4Ghl
A Delicate Balancing Act心理学书籍 psychspace.comNZ P`c:}
Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.comY0bd {){0z7Y
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional心理学书籍 psychspace.com v8pSk(_7h
Review Board心理学书籍 psychspace.com`"w?jtS.u"@
Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy心理学书籍 psychspace.com/t!tP1T Yo1V+f
Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence心理学书籍 psychspace.comH$R[/d8S uF'E
Principle III: Justice
(Q LHrg0Principle IV: Trust心理学书籍 psychspace.com ?a*OLN}+L
Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity
%xvP7w&x3o,D$R0Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.comv2I:G ]iJl F S
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
#l~cO(U:u%^0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES
Q'q8Sj `Ip#J:FC0Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements
|4w1NxMoe;|0Random and Systematic Error
lLeS4lHV0Assessing Stability and Equivalence心理学书籍 psychspace.comp+M*fj`{4rx
Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.com+ndT*Ul
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha
.E(?7G$q ~2xz2?0Effective Reliability of Judges
h#C(N+b j(B0Effective Cost of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com'iu6[ui*E2_7]
Effective Cost of Items
'GeA n ?3p pP8u0Interrater Agreement and Reliability
3is!m5ne1n']0Cohen’s Kappa心理学书籍 psychspace.comMa%XPp LL9v
Replication in Research
D!K1i Epf p[0Validity Criteria in Assessment
&Ou b8tMx[1V+jv6dk}0Convergent and Discriminant Validity
N} x/J7y+N4G-?&c0Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables
w@4p@&zaH9]0Relationship of Validity to Reliability
W n*qx1hO0Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables
.g|va3C,q p` I0Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating心理学书籍 psychspace.comiG_4f nm
Observing While Participating心理学书籍 psychspace.comi Mpll$LDO ?
Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity
;l BFLp8u/J9~C0Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com}0Nr`C
Interpreter and Observer Biases
NKn"|T3a2{0Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.com^Xjx!K2y*@*?
Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com?tB(GZMP,D#Hf/t
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives
1Zn7o a^j0Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.comd%O"kU#ucSW8wT)| b
Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
ig.L-@'})?3X\0Applications of Categorical Judgments心理学书籍 psychspace.com+txt)O/Z6J
Category Scales and Rating Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com{"Z1q[|-o"M
Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.comB/C$lj I#Z b
Rating Biases and Their Control
*beJ W3A9w8`/_Q0Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com5_&Z/kc7IR}V9_M
Forming Composite Variables
)W9j\e XN0Forming Multiple Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~W'uWvuXv5O
Quantifying the Clarity of Composites
0s lI.J"t(? H0Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com.v4|K8}j
Concerns About Self-Report Data
.oC5sMi/v-I\Q0Open-Ended Versus Structured Items
l~,to A0Critical Incident Technique
ZJ7q9d'o7K|#N@0Stages in Developing Interview Protocols
@?2^nU)@0Research Interviews by Telephone心理学书籍 psychspace.com?\#db{+v%V6t
Developing Research Questionnaires心理学书籍 psychspace.comK$R _0b"z8d
Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying
8R9]~U_1Y-}v e0Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research
.C-Om} L0One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com$OLB$b&fz*Y
Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning心理学书籍 psychspace.comfQXe\~%b$f
Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com2G7i;Qz)U
Likert Method of Item Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com{5iZW*QC
Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method
HH4T7XSJ:T+\0Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries
5u~yzx6V0PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com2C K p8~3_ W+k
Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference
spA9D:eg%Gc U[0Experimentation in Science心理学书籍 psychspace.com9K$]3K$H.Y;b
Randomized Experimental Designs
.C7B1H.KD8\.|{5Q0Characteristics of Randomization
I}:]Ey0The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality
+n^(f5_[0Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction心理学书籍 psychspace.com+NXj,^s iE6V2e1^Q
Four Types of Experimental Control
H}|$z|7U~0Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference
,F}V.j9v0Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method心理学书籍 psychspace.com,qD;f8fcc-{$} v
Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables
@v(D/R4\q0Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design
)W S*XE A)lh)o)E0Threats to Internal Validity
9s7W XX\uk0Threats to External Validity
PD\YE[0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com%Jp+\$v;` W*v
Subject and Experimenter Artifacts心理学书籍 psychspace.com2R$j,|9c ?+k
Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com(X&KJ"q!L|iS g
Interactional Experimenter Effects
&fE)PZt3|Qx@0Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.como.A8b |{"x qb:P
Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com0{/S,r3PB1Mw
Concluding Commentary
.?c,Vkr%U f(H6c%t3T0Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships心理学书籍 psychspace.com nO0cb$i
Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com'x\&C7GQ h
Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls心理学书籍 psychspace.com["xMswa(u
Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.comR'BK{4ogs$\"H
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comRk@1D;O
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs
!X-n hyE#]eW;W0Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.comfn(v:]*Rw{
Path Analysis and Causal Inference
b3duP%dW+AY0The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com6p E0z Zk J%r
Different Forms of Cohort Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com%x k:c:zVb&g S
Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores
cE^U5v~0G0Multiple Confounding Covariates心理学书籍 psychspace.com,R6Xq%Ig$TX
Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.comN)e a9D*t ]
Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
6N+] [g#gydC.J0Bias and Instability in Surveys心理学书籍 psychspace.comCM:AgaI8c
Simple Random-Sampling Plans
p RBZ+b%nl;A0Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling心理学书籍 psychspace.comEd'xq4a(a?
Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates心理学书籍 psychspace.com @#@#t1_~I f`
Speaking of Confi dence Intervals心理学书籍 psychspace.comhTuNN R
Other Selection Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.com#C"\4]aZ'fn
Nonresponse Bias and Its Control
)n(RxxPb3r,_)Z`0Studying the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.com j wK6Qp;Y5FB
Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject
]m;~O`X2_0Implications for the Interpretation of
[Q A;skk"qt0Research Findings
;PP2^#E`'Y'Ir0Situational Correlates and the Reduction of心理学书籍 psychspace.com} O{`.H-O8]d
Volunteer Bias
:Jr7|;Y/l r1d3LszS;G0The Problem of Missing Data
2{{?UJ U3\M1VX0Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comH!}9S`:M+i8W3Y-a
PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS
T[ pQJ{M0Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com gSQ(U'@+n;b XJ
Descriptions of Sampling Units
Zu9W;D)O f{4a0Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays心理学书籍 psychspace.com_,Xr'z$}6|x0li
Box Plots
TH.[8m-K$}.xFmr E0Comparing Distributions Back to Back
/ns$H(bu0Measures of Central Tendency
7KL cw2NbeD0Measures of Spread
E9ohj@ bV;K0r1a0The Normal Distribution心理学书籍 psychspace.com/?%\!j&X9l
Standard Scores
XYtNbp*o ?L a1]c0Data Not Distributed Normally
YfxC$l0Precision of Estimating Population Means
K3L!{1f2zS0Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.comEEK/h5OR0zl)O
Coping With Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.com ^X(i m-|!f6FqMY;d"d
Exploring the Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ;A,JdNP
Chapter Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comWw(A @a q
Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.comT7Zo:\y@D6R
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation
PEw*f2|'Ns`0Binomial Effect-Size Display
} v)S QC.Z)v0Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations
t"J r I4_0Small Correlations, But Important Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.com^9k V Y-_N.@,d
Counternull Values of Effect Sizes
#s `d V$D7@.L!_F#a!^0Spearman Rank Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comx1ce8T7v1C3{MJ
Ranks as a Transformation
*x6_5j(O"BJJI0Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence心理学书籍 psychspace.com V/aeVw+i
Point-Biserial Correlation
}I6w*? W/T;FI0Exact Tests for Rho心理学书籍 psychspace.com ? }i,W|9@SF a
Phi Coeffi cient
1c+n;Bl2i0Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation
p,FyYnDA0Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com:HS-rqD}'F1C)d
Comparing Correlations
)AN/Py'E0Considering Third Variables
W\FD-yOo0Effects of Variability on Correlations
n#Y4?!I6d"?0Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited
$d%j)dYv,so0Why Assess Statistical Power?心理学书籍 psychspace.comi\ y?2\!q\
The Neglect of Statistical Power
q$^9}A,XI*]0The requivalent Statistic心理学书籍 psychspace.com&w-_qQ| n
Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com$K.t` q8T_arY.h
The t Test for Comparing Two Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com2EV"mKZe#y
The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
VL#@Mu)|0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients心理学书籍 psychspace.comkw9{m^0ITpb0e
The Test That a Proportion is .50
,`W"@K$Pt&K1|0The Difference Between Proportions心理学书籍 psychspace.com)id OT[*D_?!n
The Focused Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com8qg(E K}'y#f
F Tests for Focused Comparisons
Fm[*f,d0Additional Strategies for Improving Power心理学书籍 psychspace.comI6DVq1@.XO
PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS
eb"]&R O!E0Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comNuo0~8k;\yGG I!h
Gosset and the t Test
:c)g#e+{L3v2_0dT0Two Components of t Tests
/z^c2i?o4^:wnC0Maximizing t
:rn rK:}7Jc0Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes
+{.b6qkH,Cs0Interpreting the Independent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.comn M0]%l bL
Computing the Independent Sample t
,fHyDgn7C0Reporting the Results心理学书籍 psychspace.com-k;r$l3eP.A9l2N:G:{
t Tests for Nonindependent Samples心理学书籍 psychspace.comd6V+Y MrY;h;_
Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t
*R"i%x~7z0Assumptions Underlying t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comteL;~Qh&G
Nonparametric Procedures
{4SC)NuP*v0The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests
z)A:fs;fjc#J%vl0Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test
Q)P'h%Hj {&l C0The F Test and the t Test
z\5t `N!bK6{2W0The Analysis of “Variances”
1~,ci\9F0Illustration of an Omnibus F
vo,S-C@P3d1]*wnT0Dividing Up the Total Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comc;f}p d7G#u
ANOVA Summary Tables
0|bZ&c/e9R8g0Distributions of F心理学书籍 psychspace.comc8??.Qy A6s
After the Omnibus F心理学书籍 psychspace.comz|k0u O#_er
Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”
5Yu'B N(\%Y(P'W0Bonferroni Procedures
mz#N\b0Bonferroni Tolerance Value心理学书籍 psychspace.com K8Q.|Q a \7hepX#y
Comparing Two Independent Variabilities
X6O&b p c\0Illustration Using Transformations
:^SIVM#U0Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comM#Z.|sX~n
Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities
} Cdt zqP8[0Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com:KQ(K3C1O:M)S
Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities
0u2Mj E4sB,k0Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com'ltM1k0WBk c7G g
Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com6}$^0`.UCJE+XN5d y
Contrast F Tests on Original Data
-Nd0j;\^ ]i;A+lT%b0Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data
a]a-n g.j/d;I^0Orthogonal Contrasts
| a!kT?%eU0Nonorthogonal Contrasts
} QHAc0Effect Size Indices for Contrasts
5H dD)nF*O Fd0The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation
*^:wP;q Uw s(m[.S0Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices
|jvz$vkBH*^3x Z0Comparing Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comwbg C,n;L+b[ f
Combining Competing Contrasts
Ug"v6R#WB9fm0Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com/XK&{7[+N K\;ma
PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com[ _Z)CA y
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com T7A ]m$O
Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings
b X:G3x^0An Economy of Design心理学书籍 psychspace.com.\'K.DyP;jDe
Effects and the Structure of ANOVA心理学书籍 psychspace.com.c7k.Z!t(OM2PCP
Individual Differences as Error
F8L?B~ J-X0The Table of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com$K#F@}^/G!XU^
Testing the Grand Mean by t and F心理学书籍 psychspace.coms2PAax+nJ^3|k
Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com1~WH[Z2pc m0HBsO
Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com+~"O:i9H5gI`S6x
Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com-hFQ,| Atn
Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comqFXX]3g Q,Q$I
Higher Order Factorial Designs
-s%\7Eqm4t A/[9a{c0Blocking and the Increase of Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com~KO9o/[[8c
Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance
1xX)Nw/L'G ~?V0Transforming Data to Remove Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.comj jh4jj-AJ"R6Q&O
Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comvzrM} q.CPj
The Interpretation of Interaction
m0NDf C(Z*j)Z7?0Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com zD Z.g(g^AQ
Illustration of Mean Polishing心理学书籍 psychspace.com%M!p S-R,oFUt7Z
Constructing Tables of Predicted Means
T*L.q3m,D/J)@0Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ@th H
Three-Way Factorial Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com|7Kt v vVa+P.^+Q
Defi ning Three-Way Interactions
;g]Rj9@A$x0Further Notes on Interpretation
dJ8EM&t7Y0Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals
(m%[t!RS9Xc0Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com^/a A:hg'C
A Note on Complexity心理学书籍 psychspace.comV|F!_ G%r
Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance
-xwLj$QWh0Use of Repeated Observations心理学书籍 psychspace.com/Q}+V#Kv
Basic Computations
O|5S2] \Zx0Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations
e"pX!yN7} f q9Mm e0Latin Squares and Counterbalancing
~}WBc/JMF k(\F'T0Analysis of Latin Squares心理学书籍 psychspace.com? z!clG Z6u
Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others
OQ,o@U-Y"y0Other Counterbalancing Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com1MG C p5k
Three or More Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.comYO*P:`nJ
Two Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com3mW ^ A#fO{&K
Aggregating Error Terms
6~%z4kB v0Three Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com _ y"@Q#G| S
Fixed or Random Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com-F.E ~d)M5v IR x+X:Q
Did Repeated Measures Help?
dm1Jm"m;C|m0The Intraclass r Revisited
b4]'kmSt0Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions心理学书籍 psychspace.com2U6A&sx%`\K|*G1{T
Contrasts in Repeated Measures心理学书籍 psychspace.com5kf;]2p J#Gf
Hierarchically Nested Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com*N,y*S#da
The Choice of Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.comZ)_cj]yl
PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.comHkI vb-IY/H
Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.comgWku,M6s
Table Analysis and Chi-Square
lx x0f8b Vk$E0The - df Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com]%q!?/_,A[/C(O4x3Th
Larger Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com-P ^6x6ek*F#k \ [c
Distributions of Chi-Square
zaU8~Dh S'a oM"o4j0Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com-EeYE{ z(q x
Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses
z#o.R @2IZf0Fisher Exact Probability Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com{Q v[~ N
Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comq*k+S G c,O
Adjustments for in _ Tables
T0n$i0Py]0Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables
zN;Yi~0n2O0The Corner-Cells Test Subtable心理学书籍 psychspace.comtS4^ X-Kb)T
Contrasts in Proportions
h;v/fw O5DW0Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com ra-V@l7@kPGeI
Standardizing Row and Column Totals心理学书籍 psychspace.comY/i[#e]:r+e
Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi
-j3X5rR-g8s)W0One-Sample Tables of Counts
L Vp^qdMS3LW0Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com`#ncd+x"Ng$TybCy
Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com&vO&lE*v!KC @Y
Background心理学书籍 psychspace.com+b;_\,N.o+tY"y#em%]*e@
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com#i8f"JG*lq
Cluster Analysis for Redescription
u N3W]&KS2u%B-vi0Principal Components Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.comwHE.\ h ZG
ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation心理学书籍 psychspace.comk4~"F9T nx#C H o
Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comG!f6L TZ)OZ
Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables
0]4h Q-z~2[ L(W0Multidimensional Scaling Illustration心理学书籍 psychspace.com8U(J4nr?!u ^
Relationships Among Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com4X4g+U'f%h6y*G:W6B
Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results心理学书籍 psychspace.com-[!j/GXPkv
Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.coma*p Fp*T Z#h
Criticisms of Meta-Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comV2f Ee4{K
Interpreting Two or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com$Tl2JaL$~-g#?-?;a
Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.comE8a%nxKB c
Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations
U-cW{dDi0Combining Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.comCp$T Uf0F1[ L
Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations
}Su"m-[ M)Wun0Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com$P8E#\$W1tMA
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies
*rE4TS H7@0Combining Three or More p Levels
]0Y*Su$u JJ0Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com~2}@EJ`mb V
Results That Are Not Independent心理学书籍 psychspace.com~ssT/v(Z_
The File Drawer Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~[3G@/jINkxl
An Eye to Variability
nGan_'HE1a^R#_0PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.com J9Lc,k5xcA
A List of Numbered Equations
Wnz+`-L9];x |H0B Statistical Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comG4T,|V:f&K
Glossary
pL+`8f h/R(I;b c0References
Bg t:Ybt nz#vn0Subject Index
dS(CZK_ K a0Name Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com9~ n{`y _)q*I(x
 

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯