心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺心理学书籍 psychspace.coms(F1dOv,G.X
出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1
Q?(qw7lo1H n;z0开本:小16开心理学书籍 psychspace.com#x`O#uQ.RL
装帧:精装
W9SM7G QBb:y ih0字数:950千字
R6tJ}G qn#H Q0页数:842页心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ$ej;?9|#^7_1yj^ |A
ISBN:9787115269874
)o|O'XA5b W0定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.comxL.Hc(W#LqJ2A
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

\.m)X4z? Bk F1G3Z0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。心理学书籍 psychspace.com+z8j,@;b:CR^0h

作者简介

-r;_7d~%F0 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.
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Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology
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!P;v2I5Nk:C:_4a$V0Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual心理学书籍 psychspace.com~&V'iX0b0p#`,N
Primer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).

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目录

yNS-BDQAi0第一编 概念与伦理基础
X5U8G0M W2XV0第1章 行为研究的精神心理学书籍 psychspace.com(a jq"[ t
第2章 探索与辩护的环境
HiB9ig.w0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针心理学书籍 psychspace.com"d~U'zSg8^
第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化心理学书籍 psychspace.com C-D)N h2z(r
第4章 测量信度和效度心理学书籍 psychspace.com)tf h8\.I-Q
第5章 观察、判断和复合变量心理学书籍 psychspace.comsJ;t{6{| aeH
第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法
Rt~V8A?;w`%C$^0第三编 研究设计的逻辑
*W;n IO$b^'a[8i3\0第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论心理学书籍 psychspace.comd*\L-|"l E"A{M
第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系心理学书籍 psychspace.comrQ S wVL
第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本
Ku3A P5|k)VKB([0第四编 数据分析的基本原理
.[ t \(H)Zj-J,f&H0第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据心理学书籍 psychspace.comx$E1f(hv$W'S^
第11章 相关关系
-H6T-h8p0ZMl1h0第12章 统计检验力与效应值
+\:B9[4Y&d2Xt.E-}0第五编 单因素设计
z#| ~^ce0第13章 用t 检验比较均值
1B} y YE6pNv0第14章 方差分析与F 检验
4y/}m3Ka}yh%R;N0第15章 单因素对比分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com@ ?K;oq"j)Z
第六编 因素设计
(D,}~+].~%J0第16章 多因素方差分析
/SKs"r'_#AGv(aM0第17章 方差分析中的交互作用心理学书籍 psychspace.comC?L:F ?#O0S
第18章 重复测量方差分析
R%vo7R,Rhw0第七编 数据分析的补充问题心理学书籍 psychspace.comU&Gzx,Se#T5c7f
第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析
yi3a:xY&CW%_0第20章 多元数据分析
Zxu*Zx#M]0第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com/`|{ [u.Yo
第八编 附录心理学书籍 psychspace.com%UwE$_g.Q2M(}Q(|E
详细目录心理学书籍 psychspace.comw {$d*MP
PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
.p/H)|Y8w3N#Y;K0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research
;c IsU:wT5j.C{0Science and the Search for Knowledge
nsPa%Z@/_0Q E0What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?心理学书籍 psychspace.com;M GUMZ
Social Constructionism
ks-w'__0Contextualism/Perspectivism
'aO,F9U,?/dBfF8du0Evolutionary Epistemology心理学书籍 psychspace.comB!Ch%Dv1e(Y_
Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing
:` B6v~&Q/Ac0Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics心理学书籍 psychspace.com{7lO+|;M,P5X(o_9i
Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction心理学书籍 psychspace.com6y+EW0mR~
Behavioral Research Defi ned心理学书籍 psychspace.comu ~8v.{;V*zxqK
Three Broad Research Orientations
W"\$AYcr!G,A D8i0The Descriptive Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.comb!IY _-W$p
The Relational Research Orientation
"JQ"uh!p;kgqy0The Experimental Research Orientation
_&f+Ax5n U%c Z0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions心理学书籍 psychspace.comFhL#xN)W9\
Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice
A @.`alT8\0Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation
5u*G0V `!S5Erg+Z3q0Inspiration and Explanation心理学书籍 psychspace.com4S;n!U!Ck&o_
Theories and Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.coma"usB.E
Sources of Inspiration and Insight
af3V @*pg0Serendipity in Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com~ \LOE}KP.{
Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses
m[4d`wyoB0Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism
!s,dT4L8p|c:l\0Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.com^8?MHhCUKAW\
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size
y!c1ts%D%[0Two Families of Effect Sizes
uU M(I7y9I3o0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com l8C8A-@FAh|.DID
Summing Up心理学书籍 psychspace.com~ J(cebcW$B+v
Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.com QF[} PU#M9U
Puzzles and Problems
QPT}E+H+n7zN0A Delicate Balancing Act
*T@1Zo!w:@:A;^0Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.comK1]4| b9NK@[t
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional
x(Rw-~[eHO0Review Board心理学书籍 psychspace.coml8Xh(a/q2rCC
Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy心理学书籍 psychspace.com8m9`/J(e G2v\5W{F]
Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence
6T(`wy'rZ#}4u6wb0Principle III: Justice
n.EqB{_ Y*Q-I7_0Principle IV: Trust
6i0`.VR(N [Q0Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity心理学书籍 psychspace.comC4z8XA*s4^U9r
Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards
#Q'KX-MQG;P t0Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
!X)u9jr.Y(E#n'h0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES心理学书籍 psychspace.com*@P1x g`"q Ih~
Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.com#]TI$UC,t6w
Random and Systematic Error心理学书籍 psychspace.com^!k.?7UZ8D&y
Assessing Stability and Equivalence心理学书籍 psychspace.comz#T!YaS4c.z
Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.comK.|:X3e?s1p
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha心理学书籍 psychspace.com [9^jST|G
Effective Reliability of Judges
J6RWSINd{1ac0Effective Cost of Judges
{B2}*CB@;a0B0Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com.c7i gA(h D)u
Interrater Agreement and Reliability心理学书籍 psychspace.com'e:i6@q'F7F
Cohen’s Kappa
O'Y*KW"v)r0Replication in Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com0^8\3Y4r4Sw bx
Validity Criteria in Assessment心理学书籍 psychspace.com5mS.P'_F
Convergent and Discriminant Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.comQGM7u)XU9J%P(w
Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com0\Xf~yX Wm(_
Relationship of Validity to Reliability
B]8B.Kn,Ir*a|0Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comi]:S[6a"]^"ep
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating
l6^4]*Wh(c*d:["f;J0Observing While Participating
Q9|v*f?~'^qX-g0Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity心理学书籍 psychspace.com0}S5Qz,WYq,kU B
Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com5D5K$p5LA!a
Interpreter and Observer Biases心理学书籍 psychspace.com:J#A%N~p5]
Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements
'QVUj7H2B0Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comT'h9odI
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives
vb YcN9MNVJ(Cn0Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.com@4oV#` oX
Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.com pz^Z;NI
Applications of Categorical Judgments心理学书籍 psychspace.com @i iQ%s(J
Category Scales and Rating Scales
J^.M9x K#XJ c0Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings
xbz|n jt0Rating Biases and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com iG)`;uG:T#[
Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales
wfbE(FGk0Forming Composite Variables
3EU8zO%S*A0Forming Multiple Composites
1E,P Oa)z1x*X0N0Quantifying the Clarity of Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com*`CI,z p)v,U/B
Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries
3h$f~zq0Concerns About Self-Report Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com-t3u o3Ux
Open-Ended Versus Structured Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com N0zZ'[W*O2}g
Critical Incident Technique心理学书籍 psychspace.com#f VH%j,`|N
Stages in Developing Interview Protocols心理学书籍 psychspace.com"mSt7~+I
Research Interviews by Telephone
VrRR\~#\0Developing Research Questionnaires心理学书籍 psychspace.comO2saQWL5P8v8A*YI
Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying
FO(O m(rY%x0Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com `d9hS!z3s
One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales
]G?{ EUMw5W0Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning心理学书籍 psychspace.com:E3})p W*J5TSA4X
Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com*VW c,J/C:k
Likert Method of Item Analysis
cx c sv{0Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method
.apV5D E+W c y}m0Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries
G9xjPI-@*Q1`$k}CW0PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS
A~e uY,B,r"f0Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference
\c}1KZw;L0Experimentation in Science
a0eY3U6b4jd0Randomized Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comF4q^8VM;t
Characteristics of Randomization心理学书籍 psychspace.com Z)z:S/n9j)eo5j+L
The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality
@,`4Z+Sq.Hh0Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction
szv7\.A Mdw-jX }0Four Types of Experimental Control
9tp|"{-i^^0Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference心理学书籍 psychspace.comb{ y2uSYTz7hW5I
Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method
6ZjA$W6J;w/Fd0Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comL }9MzGc$uT
Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ{#S _$qE
Threats to Internal Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com%|m6f*O!Y
Threats to External Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com3KYt4v8?&Z
Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity
o.q"D;qs)Z JZ'`0Subject and Experimenter Artifacts
6a&{ ?6Tl0Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comI,j:bJr ok3o1S
Interactional Experimenter Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.comF)]yB$] ^!_ XB*P+{
Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.comY ^9iU p
Their Control
8gGnVe2F2b5p0Concluding Commentary
B%lT/k-rQ|0Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships心理学书籍 psychspace.com)^0N&N?Z\
Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies
2dj`L#V }L`0Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls
#ZM$I ` B0D.xQJ0Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.com-I)jBY8].P7{q.]
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Hh0}r0~&V{v
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comC Wd&u/? `2`MB%U
Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.comP+{!@:o&ZVj&C
Path Analysis and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Dx cx:z?
The Cohort in Longitudinal Research
TW5T&e1PP"f)S0Different Forms of Cohort Studies
W#rX+yU#f:}R w,c t0Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores
5TJwW_0Multiple Confounding Covariates心理学书籍 psychspace.com:W v ~-|ZT.b
Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units
!^u J~(Kgua0Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
C XH:t s!a.T&K0Bias and Instability in Surveys心理学书籍 psychspace.com|/N+b7G`#K
Simple Random-Sampling Plans心理学书籍 psychspace.com Zp:L9f {&Un+_#b9j
Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling
`c Ttt$a8z&|0Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates心理学书籍 psychspace.com{ Ub$Bp0R ^ x
Speaking of Confi dence Intervals
Z Aapu0Other Selection Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comwZ4Y@(v
Nonresponse Bias and Its Control
0d(f&hX_,dk0Studying the Volunteer Subject
!s4n4w)jK[_0Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject
8|]g$Er5a,} cn9f0Implications for the Interpretation of心理学书籍 psychspace.comn+tNOHlF
Research Findings心理学书籍 psychspace.com"E.xU!UJt
Situational Correlates and the Reduction of心理学书籍 psychspace.com2u2GaD6u
Volunteer Bias心理学书籍 psychspace.comV)J?L UT_6V
The Problem of Missing Data
d+h8O s7aW)Ua0Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data
Ti$rj#v3tw0PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.comXoD)vVPO4l
Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data
dt8OQ(IM0Descriptions of Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.com!rK#G-Wv4]KJZ0g g
Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays
n-f tf(x\0Box Plots
[@"e5C,x cg*X_0Comparing Distributions Back to Back
7{5g1sRl%G&]!g0Measures of Central Tendency
4\IZ"x z!@0Measures of Spread心理学书籍 psychspace.com.p7QG4R;N%Y$w
The Normal Distribution
P*Vi.MSPQ0Standard Scores
;b N {2U'RHs0Data Not Distributed Normally
#h,aM*{tk&w0Precision of Estimating Population Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com(A*w|']a3b^;k
Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.com e5o(Cr'Y}QZA:L
Coping With Outliers
Y5CZ0X!R!l0Exploring the Data
4AAkKH `'Fw/dz0Chapter Correlation
v"u%Vj+a5mm0Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.comz,hD\$A
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation
TW4D Q5QE#U0Binomial Effect-Size Display心理学书籍 psychspace.com l6lnu[mFT_u
Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations
ZN j2{pqN0Small Correlations, But Important Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.comt%uC3BVp
Counternull Values of Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com:WIn?~;T.T&n R i E L
Spearman Rank Correlation
@n t8SP7Y c3X0Ranks as a Transformation
"h]ED4v _-X0Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence心理学书籍 psychspace.com]U BW |2_A?Q
Point-Biserial Correlation
t8wh T}$I {Q0Exact Tests for Rho
6zt q.]7G.y:^0Phi Coeffi cient心理学书籍 psychspace.com3q3H U@TE
Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation
/iH!@R kV0Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comO6cw3xh
Comparing Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comD ez,v[Qa4jUR
Considering Third Variables
"l"KE!s%Ck;a9t0Effects of Variability on Correlations
5Zo0}/]"r9]0Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited
DT(]$Jjs"N0Why Assess Statistical Power?心理学书籍 psychspace.com2E\yN\
The Neglect of Statistical Power
,M@!p#Ir-{0The requivalent Statistic
qmQg@ Um w0Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables
zP8mb!] E F0The t Test for Comparing Two Means
hlg6wB i0e ~r0The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
U5`"Lid/{:S `&Y^[.e![0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
3^I&`Ey%u p"W/S'V Z0The Test That a Proportion is .50心理学书籍 psychspace.com5gs~RnY;`"U
The Difference Between Proportions
^9L5n6WBA0]N0The Focused Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.combJ4wK!`F
F Tests for Focused Comparisons
jx$Jf/]:o6z5F\0Additional Strategies for Improving Power心理学书籍 psychspace.comd]-z[^:x/W#l g
PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Bz\%A E.C8\M^0P
Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com{TjVT4e I
Gosset and the t Test
%}-}*S(MO+T4l,z0Two Components of t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com"A _-o,e7{![cKb
Maximizing t
y ?[0O#hd0Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com9m]?~zs
Interpreting the Independent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.comql%T[v NEE
Computing the Independent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.comG L+I@jI[
Reporting the Results心理学书籍 psychspace.comS-aQs{YxJ;e
t Tests for Nonindependent Samples
E P#njmC0Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.com$l%S/yM'zI
Assumptions Underlying t Tests
[i aN }D Q5_0Nonparametric Procedures
3V7ooD5T3A Lk3wN0The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com-i YOcP
Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com1n@4mO e*|x
The F Test and the t Test
cU.N*Ay0The Analysis of “Variances”心理学书籍 psychspace.com|6c^W@
Illustration of an Omnibus F心理学书籍 psychspace.com9oT qW'?nL Qym^j8[
Dividing Up the Total Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comF.P/?eK6t#h
ANOVA Summary Tables
*a{_7f)qx&F0Distributions of F
9j Vf8T!P%\7vl;}0After the Omnibus F心理学书籍 psychspace.comjA\ pt;|aa8_
Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”
Xi(E`3~N+F`0Bonferroni Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comf{~N l0M#]#M
Bonferroni Tolerance Value心理学书籍 psychspace.com:IFZaAfk5v
Comparing Two Independent Variabilities
3t[LDOyO6W0Illustration Using Transformations
@S2}#BFg7X.f[0Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com K4d0tO f j8nd
Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com3[sO!}3P VY
Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities
je4G!yP3jAI0Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comF3F i-A6t2e
Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses
iLj,ZMO U"_ jI0Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com U:s(q)O G
Contrast F Tests on Original Data
bVx'Z7H L5x0Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comA0\0\;Qf$x8G'N)QT'o
Orthogonal Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com"]_TK4S7M I w0B F
Nonorthogonal Contrasts
_c&P"W(l @7['O0Effect Size Indices for Contrasts
oC v9A1OK0o.NY{6Kw0The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.coma~OQ t)U2t'c2m
Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices心理学书籍 psychspace.com.fG+T-a7D?q*]~
Comparing Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com @ hU:] ?;@n
Combining Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com+Cq)\3Vgns
Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes
P^8?)Cp Fxv0hP'Fg0PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com/U%_(@3qF+WO
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com~se#Z5g5l K_ Fy
Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings
ohn!@D w0An Economy of Design
BY.Ap.U$w J#Q(Th1MP0Effects and the Structure of ANOVA
$kaK$uN[0Individual Differences as Error心理学书籍 psychspace.comO?N#k/n Xf uL'y
The Table of Variance
S5i'{(A fj0B\0Testing the Grand Mean by t and F心理学书籍 psychspace.com9}PW G9]3V
Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com#V$_F9g:W.Zj J{6Q
Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.combx.P\I y&b m bV
Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com Vd1Z+M.qi E y
Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts
J R M!yo/uj0Higher Order Factorial Designs
!D}+hL.J-o0Blocking and the Increase of Power心理学书籍 psychspace.comt?M"Kd
Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance心理学书籍 psychspace.comK\iO{m
Transforming Data to Remove Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.compN1z)@t GN
Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comN a w/j^:e*v7B
The Interpretation of Interaction
6A3|1}5I!D9n~0Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means心理学书籍 psychspace.comy2W |$U\G)C
Illustration of Mean Polishing心理学书籍 psychspace.com,DB;F v*\
Constructing Tables of Predicted Means
PE cQk*t0Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com'??wK!bA5`
Three-Way Factorial Designs
1T;|5Y*Y{0Defi ning Three-Way Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.comKy"A:B I-ih6`
Further Notes on Interpretation心理学书籍 psychspace.comC.YIV s7U0D
Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals心理学书籍 psychspace.com(wc(Y2ZV4X.|6[7J
Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction
IVA.]3[ }Mi$K U0A Note on Complexity心理学书籍 psychspace.comN4W+]Hy+@W-vi
Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comeL#lWU2eu?3F
Use of Repeated Observations心理学书籍 psychspace.com'g;\W^.urWD
Basic Computations心理学书籍 psychspace.com/C b2NgKum"\6J^
Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations
'L-KDR/N5W0Latin Squares and Counterbalancing心理学书籍 psychspace.comy;a Xf,U'o6q6[
Analysis of Latin Squares心理学书籍 psychspace.com?$C:MpXAL
Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others
"G6|aG[(Srb3V[0Other Counterbalancing Designs
sxPy~'NV8Q:\0Three or More Factors
S~Uy8tay*|0Two Within-Subjects Factors
8~fE7iNW0Aggregating Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.com9Hw X8HF*Z
Three Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com OE$xc? j~K$Y
Fixed or Random Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com7@#A'e-]!O-T `6w
Did Repeated Measures Help?心理学书籍 psychspace.comOT g3z-M
The Intraclass r Revisited
-MEj*b*}5N wl0Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions
f` _haO5c0Contrasts in Repeated Measures心理学书籍 psychspace.comp!dumm Xd8x
Hierarchically Nested Designs
Qo6J%]n6k'S l0The Choice of Error Terms
qK5@Eox^x0U0PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.com&H z:_edy1N wi
Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.comP9j}*n2ax XX
Table Analysis and Chi-Square
0NZV6o(@_0The - df Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com5e Zy9z|QNS'y
Larger Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.comSty*hrBv'm {{
Distributions of Chi-Square心理学书籍 psychspace.comgzY{0Fr%R|w6[
Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables
J|2kC%C(F0Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com,d*KWAo W0X+~
Fisher Exact Probability Test
#??Q7F2L&_0Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com K#j-sv_
Adjustments for in _ Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comw ]9oq,^8S"Uo[
Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables
9E/CW5k Ml.gP ajy0The Corner-Cells Test Subtable心理学书籍 psychspace.com4vVUERH1tg.U]
Contrasts in Proportions心理学书籍 psychspace.com| C%or"J
Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com4R5W3c \,i;gw?-Q
Standardizing Row and Column Totals
d3bX7BA.}\e}sG0Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi心理学书籍 psychspace.com/L0U_)`Y$]
One-Sample Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com5mS Y%DO'mx8Y jqt
Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com2{So Ia#hMH Ji%BPq,_
Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com&J-^;b L}j
Background心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Tkv!w+q)\LAz_ D\
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com'f-~)k` CM5}
Cluster Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.com3}p'n:MTP$fG
Principal Components Analysis for Redescription
*dj;o/ZlcS+{l0ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation
zg+K'B r/Q0Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis
aG K:E$X.S j2lEv:z0Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables
w;_a^(fa h0Multidimensional Scaling Illustration
q6J&sb(x2d _)KR0Relationships Among Sets of Variables
!Z a4~1Jz4d`-TR.br0Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results
I&V [} zEB0Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com3j#aK8fRoqmk%@
Criticisms of Meta-Analysis
*j)BB3{{xYk,_0Interpreting Two or More Studies
o$B$P$W Bs;H!z0Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels
eL n!~'iO!y qp3rS0Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations
2](i+J,L@I q.kZw0Combining Two Signifi cance Levels
l*L3i/l~S5Ka0Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations
!i Oh0}"Lzf0Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.comMuX.{e ve
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies
!k1L8yxo_%c0Combining Three or More p Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com:SLd&@MsR"lf
Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com:~$u1kNVk
Results That Are Not Independent
8nPjIQ2N(["i ~0The File Drawer Problem
7i9\ LK3K;H#p@k0An Eye to Variability心理学书籍 psychspace.com9C Ch X z!`#LA
PART VIII APPENDIXES
-AX)w/wk sC0A List of Numbered Equations
X0X'w]-A;v)J u0B Statistical Tables
{~4n)D2Gv I0Glossary
i0h {f IF1l y0References
0W8e)YG7h4f0Subject Index心理学书籍 psychspace.comxDD fe(Y'l3Hz
Name Index心理学书籍 psychspace.comW Q m?t J5jcX
 

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯