心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

定价 ¥158.00

行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺心理学书籍 psychspace.com6rUH+[~ q&p
出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com;`_2Q(l$?5`&NX
开本:小16开
8|-HaY6P-A5O%Gj0F0装帧:精装
3eh^Ix'l0字数:950千字心理学书籍 psychspace.comJa(z_j pl
页数:842页
;j A OE|QV l\0ISBN:9787115269874心理学书籍 psychspace.coms7OU+ap9zc9n
定价:158.00
V xq%r.}:\a"| y0原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com[b q ? RDfu

内容简介

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。心理学书籍 psychspace.commS { p"~G'X

%W6RM3l Jn;Y;Q0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

.Q*x8QC9E5C0 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.心理学书籍 psychspace.com'k|c$J@(l

5C,[*@2b#H|k0Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology心理学书籍 psychspace.com4I1^7k*yk @
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Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual
R&j5O[k:D}'Wz\0Primer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).

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目录

心理学书籍 psychspace.com#TC[Q9^D4G3m7v

第一编 概念与伦理基础心理学书籍 psychspace.com$q$m\)W^M9r
第1章 行为研究的精神心理学书籍 psychspace.comu't'r7v^\"l Aq'Ow
第2章 探索与辩护的环境
1L_p!RQ!^0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针
^"D*v^ grq0第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化
)?/i1BK*k#b-N0第4章 测量信度和效度
qNz5X*h jG0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量
'x*e2ds7v#eiW%j0第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法心理学书籍 psychspace.com._*h0j!]-H
第三编 研究设计的逻辑心理学书籍 psychspace.comQNzW2U b4f2XU*o8K
第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论心理学书籍 psychspace.com M7s]{(j1d
第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系心理学书籍 psychspace.com` Du3Cq(_C^8R
第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本
'Kn Ht+{Po0第四编 数据分析的基本原理
wzh&f8I)A1}#C/J0第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据
gT7\L#v0}z vV0第11章 相关关系心理学书籍 psychspace.com!h+sz ~f-E"J9I
第12章 统计检验力与效应值
z[6Q J U0第五编 单因素设计
8z!I5@ iT0第13章 用t 检验比较均值
3b&N4E:r%a&O-e*`3j0第14章 方差分析与F 检验心理学书籍 psychspace.com0~_)v7z @a)uA.\%qd
第15章 单因素对比分析
7q.J.f~T*O0第六编 因素设计心理学书籍 psychspace.comX0\s:v)ur0m
第16章 多因素方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comP)Q-|+[;f
第17章 方差分析中的交互作用
;]2Wm9je;~0第18章 重复测量方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\!SI(O_,H
第七编 数据分析的补充问题
s,V-@y3eDDT:\ I0第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com6~ mp9F2zw
第20章 多元数据分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com5Z!{^Sxc8j7X
第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com@0cG@(^%x
第八编 附录心理学书籍 psychspace.comJptA\,Ee#J
详细目录
ad)AJ,J0PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
:MK$xPa0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.comA5b R$d)c*o|8z X
Science and the Search for Knowledge心理学书籍 psychspace.comHrZ6gl!x
What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?心理学书籍 psychspace.comp*Z(v o+w%{g*p%tzIYb
Social Constructionism心理学书籍 psychspace.com/\ vl {"F J'JD
Contextualism/Perspectivism
-H%@ra|/W8I.j0Evolutionary Epistemology
1l.n0mY0R*D/LB0Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing心理学书籍 psychspace.com6\ Hz BJo%hU
Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics
6Z.udSPG`&t C)N0Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction
Stwil'Wk/b(Jz0Behavioral Research Defi ned心理学书籍 psychspace.com b&H0dGD(_ V4e
Three Broad Research Orientations
-vrds y w]0The Descriptive Research Orientation
1Xa%g9}$L3R!ig$c0The Relational Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.comM I ^u|&[-Q1g
The Experimental Research Orientation
3D;J8H&mzh3u)i0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions
F-A4w#M'Per3L"R0Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice
.Q:^9cVLCoi0Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation心理学书籍 psychspace.com!m p gb$Wd y7_ h{
Inspiration and Explanation心理学书籍 psychspace.com8s(a~-TT9\zL%k
Theories and Hypotheses
7{w`@+l vo0Sources of Inspiration and Insight心理学书籍 psychspace.com}"tj!U&MF {
Serendipity in Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.coms/R'w\uZ]5yz4G
Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses
:g5i,p8KJ.x3|,pM:m n0Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.com W~(kn-S]
Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.com-| NS.ACZ4sF
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size
#DLcJ!k&t#{0Two Families of Effect Sizes
8c%rEg&W7Y@ o Z7m0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com.fNr*m.B;i
Summing Up
s_&O"b4s0Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.comh5Xe$jV6l+P
Puzzles and Problems心理学书籍 psychspace.comn9U h%^*^xM;^l
A Delicate Balancing Act心理学书籍 psychspace.comJG;d U ~"}!B
Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.com4xS"tz5^0fd`
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional心理学书籍 psychspace.com qG y"F;N*M)`H
Review Board
O+I6I5ZFo1IV0Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy
.lkE.z|-u q0Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence心理学书籍 psychspace.com'r:HQ*S6a"V[$r7I
Principle III: Justice心理学书籍 psychspace.com0k2rS \}R0i
Principle IV: Trust
Hv;h#JG&Y9VV0Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity心理学书籍 psychspace.comPT,Y3_uq~2I
Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.com)L'l;[ } N+u
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
v pgAz0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES
N-~Zo~$L#qN0Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.com-D MPiw9u
Random and Systematic Error
q$A9k,X-G3B9L1w0Assessing Stability and Equivalence
G!e1uO h0Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.com)QhE'|$F1`
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha心理学书籍 psychspace.comq GU4P|#K{
Effective Reliability of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com w)Y+dp/L-u8^c
Effective Cost of Judges
r#s:S7\%hG){0Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com"M-\ N'D,X.f N0m
Interrater Agreement and Reliability心理学书籍 psychspace.com#UT%[@0YPe
Cohen’s Kappa
*B$e6h:Gs a?G*bh0Replication in Research心理学书籍 psychspace.comE Be1{F K@8W6_
Validity Criteria in Assessment心理学书籍 psychspace.comOD"W2VX%\3f
Convergent and Discriminant Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com"lA f!b VJ$Ui
Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables
E R2c4sYPqC2l g0Relationship of Validity to Reliability心理学书籍 psychspace.com8xCX h!~H
Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comy+G/K&S{R5D9Q@vm[5?
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating心理学书籍 psychspace.com]8w.y%Iw
Observing While Participating心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Q @\-B(KZKS'u
Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity心理学书籍 psychspace.com&|&u.iQ~ b3|,b/s
Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com `;|7hC$Qt"voIN^
Interpreter and Observer Biases
%b1u-V9lo*p.e0Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.comD x!hJ3w,eU
Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges
$@0kU\6|+hU0Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives
Tl knxq QFw0Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy
3FT!`U"U ~Zsh0Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
%i1z4h"H_}k,J0kz0Applications of Categorical Judgments心理学书籍 psychspace.com0E)r C$H_ ]1X
Category Scales and Rating Scales
x#G|u u0Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com/s#k'ig*L~[
Rating Biases and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comD+e0`YMH_
Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales
:V4~s/sH6B$B]HhC0Forming Composite Variables
D5co:U g/t0Forming Multiple Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.comx.co3w4g!o!}M
Quantifying the Clarity of Composites
(G^ o%hwl8p$Z0Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com0m,dr9aji
Concerns About Self-Report Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com$Kr6`^c?
Open-Ended Versus Structured Items心理学书籍 psychspace.comF'?g.d3W M{o
Critical Incident Technique
+g)y.K Q.hv;tz~0Stages in Developing Interview Protocols心理学书籍 psychspace.com v{gN~ k4`
Research Interviews by Telephone心理学书籍 psychspace.com8lJ4r tdYe'o9Ch
Developing Research Questionnaires
"U%Nk&IG ~0Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying
"jH6n;dn^n0Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com1a7pB[ P(\
One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales
7T~(?8ZS0Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning
;~7VDq F.JX0Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com*riJ u)Z|-JIO
Likert Method of Item Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com%]%y mx?']p
Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method
G~$]'} ? fD+}0Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com"sv[ S)E;n-LX|
PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS
"@(S4P0]!HeluY/dn0Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.come+|&k'N:OHb%\)T
Experimentation in Science
'^H asTz0Randomized Experimental Designs
UR%LWB"a0Characteristics of Randomization
_ C2R l|%kj|0The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality心理学书籍 psychspace.com1q2D9e#jA*@e I1W
Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction
q[O,Y|]0Four Types of Experimental Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com2I4|B5edy)^~J
Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference
yS"`|7qR9Gq0Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method
$\8D2[v~"Hi0Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables
~d V4P o0Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design
])C8w;^"l/a0Threats to Internal Validity
2K[)GO"]0Threats to External Validity
&NTU {n!UN A/i0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity
i _ R*Bi E [3}7xX0Subject and Experimenter Artifacts
qL:z&Jdc0Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com |] [z#kEB1^
Interactional Experimenter Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.com C$@/r%E"x5eW
Experimenter Expectancy Effects and
y i8qDP7N"K5v"E9|4X0Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com0|.Z}#}.{0X.[#A s/e
Concluding Commentary心理学书籍 psychspace.comD aC[3Jt
Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships心理学书籍 psychspace.com7?$E*D({$\F[
Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies
{ k2G&O3S$d%r0Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls心理学书籍 psychspace.com:{c ]7Q K9b{
Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.com\7p]7W3BK8WVY,v
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comdd'Q7@_^KK
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comHw8zBxSt
Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem
a8@5L/u-{!X0Path Analysis and Causal Inference
*SK P}?(?-W0The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com3]IOj/rKF@7}.TH
Different Forms of Cohort Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com]7H[#FFQI-xR
Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores
QUpX0rCH0Multiple Confounding Covariates
I\6P0AK0Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.comH`@ V]e%K$WO p
Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
[c]CvV n|0Bias and Instability in Surveys心理学书籍 psychspace.comS;C A/dk+[1q
Simple Random-Sampling Plans
V"l ?UjI0Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling心理学书籍 psychspace.com,?w-hK!F6j6^Hs
Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates心理学书籍 psychspace.comV1S ZDp"qK ko
Speaking of Confi dence Intervals
G.HxS"} f0Other Selection Procedures
&nz \Wcaq$b(|k0Nonresponse Bias and Its Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comt5Lfu'Y~yL#p)N
Studying the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.comWw)r,vL:QJ,M
Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject
cDR.ap0Implications for the Interpretation of
4Z)I`5@!\H0Research Findings
$E)]@@;Ll0Situational Correlates and the Reduction of心理学书籍 psychspace.comSB A;Uh_6Tu
Volunteer Bias心理学书籍 psychspace.comSN-gxt
The Problem of Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com~+^ t0}"c-m-O;C
Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com8~V\ HL;`$}B
PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS
Z\ b G ^5n E!H0Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com?+Lev9@ND
Descriptions of Sampling Units
S[ n*dvrcD1D0Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays
bW K6_*z"CA0Box Plots
[:eB] ?0Comparing Distributions Back to Back
#a9g!L$y"Zd4r0Measures of Central Tendency
&sV1J}0DfbH r {0Measures of Spread心理学书籍 psychspace.com;k-YI@Y l$D
The Normal Distribution心理学书籍 psychspace.comoZ/Z3wgWj
Standard Scores
3q;S6XaF+W[0Data Not Distributed Normally心理学书籍 psychspace.com*F9XD&? U UY
Precision of Estimating Population Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com_!TQjq2|
Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.com%jt B!tM;?
Coping With Outliers
!G^@LC0Exploring the Data
5G f9eA#W#u"V0Chapter Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com'|Yf)WZ'}*_Yr%z
Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.com,lh8H#B9a{ CZ
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com JP-i.J"{2}?
Binomial Effect-Size Display心理学书籍 psychspace.com2VVEB4uDV:i
Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations
"n.[$Od$Z0Small Correlations, But Important Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.com'L9_;} I/R_!uo
Counternull Values of Effect Sizes
ro ['i]*f0Spearman Rank Correlation
EiD DJ}0Ranks as a Transformation心理学书籍 psychspace.com6uM f R)eZ
Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence
4E1DXw`2F0Point-Biserial Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com9p8E X3pbF*|'lU6S K
Exact Tests for Rho
;klzb*sY*B0Phi Coeffi cient心理学书籍 psychspace.comj#DeJ!g/C$]0y
Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com,CSn!uT?~P
Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comSE {+YJ mX1A3HD
Comparing Correlations
!O.?!j|!l~S!z0Considering Third Variables
d,S9Wp7V0Effects of Variability on Correlations
2|#o%P~3L0Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited心理学书籍 psychspace.com5sgd p-V3b3V6R
Why Assess Statistical Power?心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ t8[/q$Y0MP `!_.K0W
The Neglect of Statistical Power
$B3}8zc7|f%i!F0The requivalent Statistic
5n%X ugu~(f0Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com |x+}q)};m;u)O
The t Test for Comparing Two Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com,vts-KWJ$P
The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
Y)JTb|N,pP0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
#fB-S z&z#VU"S(yd0The Test That a Proportion is .50
'[}*yY|ki$Vn"A+_8oX0The Difference Between Proportions
-hmzv Jj R0The Focused Chi-Square Test
1e_)l!VE8t}tE0F Tests for Focused Comparisons
1f0XnK0I4y0Additional Strategies for Improving Power
"f%J8~"lZ0PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com|n)W)u j#V
Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comuB*B3q i(G @:p%Pz
Gosset and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comSu jN#N7N
Two Components of t Tests
T'Pj(L`:J1r)J0Maximizing t
'[7I)hIh'u0Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comllS uFg
Interpreting the Independent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.com[Cp(Z9a
Computing the Independent Sample t
X?0ypo? @L0Reporting the Results心理学书籍 psychspace.comNw@!i.hA/i1x
t Tests for Nonindependent Samples心理学书籍 psychspace.com#L6`9_ G!uE
Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t
,a*A+E@+L_0Assumptions Underlying t Tests
3oh}6LIA0Nonparametric Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.com|)LYI?&o
The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests
T*K*v5?C)SR2ij`0Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com*NH Bgh:WZZ SS(K
The F Test and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comjx?w8r%H
The Analysis of “Variances”心理学书籍 psychspace.com W)_U3ZwE
Illustration of an Omnibus F
8Su,JH0L)^.aH0Dividing Up the Total Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com L._ep LLUh$S
ANOVA Summary Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com6LvV$lB1Qut-N"l
Distributions of F心理学书籍 psychspace.com4n@%w,` r
After the Omnibus F
~os:i?2x2FZ0Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”
r4T] nt-Nn^0Bonferroni Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.com H%{p E.}&G
Bonferroni Tolerance Value心理学书籍 psychspace.com:H1F7u}'PH#[ c
Comparing Two Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comu6ejXG6M U5~7}+}C
Illustration Using Transformations心理学书籍 psychspace.com8lwi&D)p` I)H
Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comp:k0U*W9ad#bZL
Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com|AN"NE3o
Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com^Ui6x0@%X
Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities
"q$e7O v WQ0Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.comUM6K QQ
Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comM'y F9Q(V}0]
Contrast F Tests on Original Data
v X1r-n(I0Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comg3{$w dmA7@J2D
Orthogonal Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comWc4b?)k}
Nonorthogonal Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com;Kc2f-t [
Effect Size Indices for Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ dG#HP#L#^}Ck
The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comb9K eo*RS`8[f%e
Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices
0Y]pd&O9w0Comparing Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comU(AzE:y([P2p/kc
Combining Competing Contrasts
/S,H P+Ne+I%V*lC#T)k(r0Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com!b5X gc jt*{#w
PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com_+MG)c PgOkm
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com*S u6L P2x V(A v`
Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings心理学书籍 psychspace.com b bQ4V2I ui
An Economy of Design心理学书籍 psychspace.come-k.yc j
Effects and the Structure of ANOVA
\H Zw^8DP0Individual Differences as Error
i,N K cT;]0The Table of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com&Q-g Z^8?['e
Testing the Grand Mean by t and F
O BZ0@9e[`}(QC0Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes
](|E&q h;T0Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com:k9f-v8](v n+{ g"N@E'w
Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comn/i5KE BO$Eej?
Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comjO9BK4]#D(W|j
Higher Order Factorial Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com @h)J.R,d u.B)K
Blocking and the Increase of Power
+g+S-OW#r1bl,P0Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance
-{^.CZ@0Transforming Data to Remove Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.comz/@6s-`)T'a'WJX
Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Q1W$bz%h8S8a,|;IB
The Interpretation of Interaction
0svh8r/`/O{)@0Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com-[Z/|'Rx
Illustration of Mean Polishing心理学书籍 psychspace.comS^[N4P!K8@ k#j}
Constructing Tables of Predicted Means
;x0ik'Z1tbj0Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com~"}o"~T V;W S
Three-Way Factorial Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com G^@c/zv:y Lc `$\
Defi ning Three-Way Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~f u+_${?@
Further Notes on Interpretation
0j4EW4JF8u_S?0Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals心理学书籍 psychspace.com:jJq z*f'{5us r `
Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com _.DicN+j
A Note on Complexity
7T9A&M*`Qs w0Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com x%t!k w@i C;^7i
Use of Repeated Observations
(@&M+z;zmj0Basic Computations心理学书籍 psychspace.comnf{1AX#b;w
Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations心理学书籍 psychspace.comBP4}Fo~ `2k1J6pikw
Latin Squares and Counterbalancing
\_ D[1xY JAW0Analysis of Latin Squares
A^:z#[&|8_z4zS&|w8c0Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others
3upoH b8{Fwf0Other Counterbalancing Designs
rEWE(bBI(g t0Three or More Factors
$K K2zd/@bb U0Two Within-Subjects Factors
S U,sy:Jwx0Aggregating Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.com Z)i0u6b-Ad!Jz
Three Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com7MJ3Yh3}7ii/z
Fixed or Random Factors
!lQ] ?$ww]0Did Repeated Measures Help?
b4m8g9U4]0The Intraclass r Revisited心理学书籍 psychspace.com6h(p&i xO^ E%g
Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions
7I9VQ_h0Contrasts in Repeated Measures心理学书籍 psychspace.comKE@k%Ih
Hierarchically Nested Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com0OI~.t&{%y O
The Choice of Error Terms
7i"^\sK0PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.com1H/K#K9Qy e"B
Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts
o]n3yjl0Table Analysis and Chi-Square心理学书籍 psychspace.com+Tx6L s%`5W"T&|
The - df Chi-Square Test
"E/V T6q!l+@JT0Larger Tables of Counts
&W$AB%R{/X/@)m!x0Distributions of Chi-Square
.nM0N&\gJp+_0Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables
RHtLS8^)DxX0Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com4@I"MG:Cbu-b-[
Fisher Exact Probability Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com2}wTV'CD-w"A(M+G;?
Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test
o%c _l HD0Adjustments for in _ Tables
*C9hW)ND}/O,t5Q0Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables
"M&z\@1XQ8?@0The Corner-Cells Test Subtable
0]'}\q?TV2L0Contrasts in Proportions
+R%C,})iN c [3{k\ K8P0Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies
K+hLx Uh*]0Xl0Standardizing Row and Column Totals心理学书籍 psychspace.com'S/g!m n/NE(Wr]
Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi心理学书籍 psychspace.com7_ow0I at|(`
One-Sample Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.comB0Ex7Gdg
Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index
\RH4|:d?mT0Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis
G"hM7i&i/q0xQ c0Background心理学书籍 psychspace.com[1K#A} |"F/u,N
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com5zrO(y8K6E m+{0s
Cluster Analysis for Redescription
FqD6Q6G.b9Gh0Principal Components Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.com km'v%mMYC$u3B
ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation
S$Ic9f,Z|@ _`e0Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis
D%C/?$F!j&o?'iu?0Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com!MI x!w'i
Multidimensional Scaling Illustration心理学书籍 psychspace.com ^#_o]'t.G
Relationships Among Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com{Xdo tQ7T!s,{v
Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~l\ Qr1DO
Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses
9k-]}m'~SCm0Criticisms of Meta-Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comLY-Ib,C#d e)jY9HD
Interpreting Two or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.comrDuJ7?i6pjk
Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels
r&a7mz4i6bO7N0Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations
H3H(KDt0Combining Two Signifi cance Levels
A.hpe'N-|Y0Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations
:ToB _@[-b@7h"y0Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com4PZiS @x!s2o{*^
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies
j9[l7`wo7C-?"b L0Combining Three or More p Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.comr Yv1dD5|/ZE
Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com0YGRG5S3g$K*?
Results That Are Not Independent心理学书籍 psychspace.comC0{:}g8c
The File Drawer Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.com3O~ Fy up K
An Eye to Variability心理学书籍 psychspace.coma+jI xc
PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.comd e4y c }1s6IB
A List of Numbered Equations
_``IQq9WR3jqX0B Statistical Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ T{[ tX(t
Glossary
%v2Ns6H&V\;dUm0References心理学书籍 psychspace.com#OE4Y Fz,P
Subject Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com6V"a*C&x!R4P,}
Name Index心理学书籍 psychspace.comPc(p$C4?CO C
 心理学书籍 psychspace.comy x+KJi,R*_n_*\

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯