心理学书籍 » 这才是心理学(第9版)(英文版)

定价 ¥48.00

这才是心理学(第9版)(英文版)

这才是心理学》第1版出版于1983年,20多年来一直被奉为心理学入门经典,在全球顶尖大学中享有盛誉,现在呈现在读者面前的是英文第9版。这本《这才是心理学(第9版·英文版)》并不同于一般的心理学导论类教材,很多内容是心理学课堂上不曾讲授的,也是许多心理学教师在教学中感到只可意会而不可言传的。作者正是从此初衷出发,以幽默生动的语言,结合一些妙趣横生、贴近生活的实例,深入浅出地介绍了可证伪性、操作主义、实证主义、安慰剂效应、相关和因果、概率推理等心理学中的基本原则。与上一版相比,第9版更新了最新的研究资料和实例以及190篇参考文献。 

这才是心理学(第9版)(英文版)

作者:基思·斯坦诺维奇

出版:人民邮电出版社 2014-7

平装:16开:240页

版次:第9版

ISBN:9787115353375

定价:48.00

内容简介

在今天的大众媒体和图书市场上,到处充斥着关于潜能提升、心理操控、色彩星座、催眠读心等伪装成心理学的主题,更有一些伪心理学家、所谓的心理治疗师打着心理学的旗号欺世盗名,从中渔利。在浩如烟海、良莠不齐的心理学信息面前,如何拨除迷雾,去伪存真,成为一个明智的心理学信息的消费者?这本《这才是心理学(第9版·英文版)》将教给你科学实用的批判性思维技能,将真正的心理学研究从伪心理学中区分出来,告诉你什么才是真正的心理学。 

  《这才是心理学》第1版出版于1983年,20多年来一直被奉为心理学入门经典,在全球顶尖大学中享有盛誉,现在呈现在读者面前的是英文第9版。这本《这才是心理学(第9版·英文版)》并不同于一般的心理学导论类教材,很多内容是心理学课堂上不曾讲授的,也是许多心理学教师在教学中感到只可意会而不可言传的。作者正是从此初衷出发,以幽默生动的语言,结合一些妙趣横生、贴近生活的实例,深入浅出地介绍了可证伪性、操作主义、实证主义、安慰剂效应、相关和因果、概率推理等心理学中的基本原则。与上一版相比,第9版更新了最新的研究资料和实例以及190篇参考文献。 

  《这才是心理学(第9版·英文版)》不仅适合于心理学专业的学生,有助于建立心理学研究中必要的批判性思维技能与意识,而其通俗易读性也非常适合所有对心理学感兴趣的读者,它将帮助你纠正对心理学的种种误解,学会独立地评估心理学信息,用科学的精神和方法理解自己和他人的行为。此外,由于心理学与其他学科的共通性,《这才是心理学(第9版·英文版)》也不失为一本精彩有趣的科学哲学类读物。

目录

Preface xi

1 Psychology Is Alive and Well (and Doing Fine Among the Sciences) 1

 The Freud Problem 1

 The Diversity of Modern Psychology 2

  Implications of Diversity 3

 Unity in Science 6

 What, Then, Is Science? 8

  Systematic Empiricism 9

  Publicly Verifiable Knowledge: Replication and Peer Review 10

  Empirically Solvable Problems: Scientists' Search for Testable Theories 12

 Psychology and Folk Wisdom: The Problem with “Common Sense” 13

 Psychology as a Young Science 16

 Summary 18

2 Falsifiability: How to Foil Little Green Men in the Head 19

 Theories and the Falsifiability Criterion 20

  The Theory of Knocking Rhythms 22

  Freud and Falsifiability 23

  The Little Green Men 25

  Not All Confirmations Are Equal 26

  Falsifiability and Folk Wisdom 27

  The Freedom to Admit a Mistake 28

  Thoughts Are Cheap 30

 Errors in Science: Getting Closer to the Truth 31

 Summary 34

3 Operationism and Essentialism: “But, Doctor,What Does It Really Mean?” 35

 Why Scientists Are Not Essentialists 35

  Essentialists Like to Argue About the Meaning of Words 36

  Operationists Link Concepts to Observable Events 37

  Reliability and Validity 38

  Direct and Indirect Operational Definitions 40

  Scientific Concepts Evolve 40

 Operational Definitions in Psychology 42

  Operationism as a Humanizing Force 45

  Essentialist Questions and the Misunderstanding of Psychology 47

  Operationism and the Phrasing of Psychological Questions 48

 Summary 51

4 Testimonials and Case Study Evidence:Placebo Effects and the Amazing Randi 53

 The Place of the Case Study 54

 Why Testimonials Are Worthless: Placebo Effects 56

 The “Vividness” Problem 59

  The Overwhelming Impact of the Single Case 63

  The Amazing Randi: Fighting Fire with Fire 65

 Testimonials Open the Door to Pseudoscience 67

 Summary 71

5 Correlation and Causation: Birth Control by the Toaster Method 73

 The Third-Variable Problem: Goldberger and Pellagra 74

  Why Goldberger's Evidence Was Better 75

 The Directionality Problem 78

 Selection Bias 80

 Summary 83

6 Getting Things Under Control: The Case of Clever Hans 85

 Snow and Cholera 86

 Comparison, Control, and Manipulation 87

  Random Assignment in Conjunction with Manipulation Defines the True Experiment 88

  The Importance of Control Groups 91

  The Case of Clever Hans, the Wonder Horse 94

  Clever Hans in the 1990s 96

  Prying Variables Apart: Special Conditions 99

  Intuitive Physics 101

  Intuitive Psychology 103

 Summary 104

7 “But It's Not Real Life!”: The “Artificiality” Criticism and Psychology 105

 Why Natural Isn't Always Necessary 105

  The “Random Sample” Confusion 107

  The Random Assignment Versus Random Sample Distinction 107

  Theory-Driven Research Versus Direct Applications 108

 Applications of Psychological Theory 113

  The “College Sophomore” Problem 115

  The Real-Life and College Sophomore Problems in Perspective 119

 Summary 120

8 Avoiding the Einstein Syndrome: The Importance of Converging Evidence 121

 The Connectivity Principle 122

  A Consumer's Rule: Beware of Violations of Connectivity 123

  The “Great-Leap” Model Versus the Gradual-Synthesis Model 125

 Converging Evidence: Progress Despite Flaws 126

  Converging Evidence in Psychology 129

 Scientific Consensus 133

  Methods and the Convergence Principle 135

  The Progression to More Powerful Methods 136

 A Counsel Against Despair 139

 Summary 142

9 The Misguided Search for the “Magic Bullet”:The Issue of Multiple Causation 145

 The Concept of Interaction 146

 The Temptation of the Single-Cause Explanation 149

 Summary 152

10 The Achilles' Heel of Human Cognition:Probabilistic Reasoning 153

 “Person-Who” Statistics 155

 Probabilistic Reasoning and the Misunderstanding of Psychology 156

 Psychological Research on Probabilistic Reasoning 158

  Insufficient Use of Probabilistic Information 159

  Failure to Use Sample Size Information 161

  The Gambler's Fallacy 162

  A Further Word About Statistics and Probability 164

 Summary 166

11 The Role of Chance in Psychology 167

 The Tendency to Try to Explain Chance Events 167

  Explaining Chance: Illusory Correlation and the Illusion of Control 170

 Chance and Psychology 172

  Coincidence 173

  Personal Coincidences 176

 Accepting Error in Order to Reduce Error: Clinical versus Actuarial Prediction 177

 Summary 184

12 The Rodney Dangerfield of the Sciences 185

 Psychology's Image Problem 185

  Psychology and Parapsychology 186

  The Self-Help Literature 188

  Recipe Knowledge 190

 Psychology and Other Disciplines 192

 Our Own Worst Enemies 194

 Isn't Everyone a Psychologist? Implicit Theories of Behavior 200

 The Source of Resistance to Scientific Psychology 201

 The Final Word 206

References 207

Name Index 231

Subject Index 238


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这才是心理学(第9版)(英文版)

作者:基思·斯坦诺维奇