Discredited Psychological Treatments and Tests: A Delphi Poll
作者: Professional Psychol / 5093次阅读 时间: 2011年7月16日
来源: APA 标签: EBP
www.psychspace.com心理学空间网Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Copyright 2006 by the American Psychological Association
2006, Vol. 37, No. 5, 515–522 0735-7028/06/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.37.5.515
Discredited Psychological Treatments and Tests: A Delphi Poll

In the context of intense interest in evidence-based practice (EBP), the authors sought to establish consensus on discredited psychological treatments and assessments using Delphi methodology. A panel of 101 experts participated in a 2-stage survey, reporting familiarity with 59 treatments and 30 assessment techniques and rating these on a continuum from not at all discredited to certainly discredited. The authors report their composite findings as well as significant differences that occurred as a function of the experts’ gender and theoretical orientation. The results should be interpreted carefully and humbly, but they do offer a cogent first step in consensually identifying a continuum of discredited procedures in modern mental health practice.


关键词:Delphi Poll, discredited technique, evidence-based practice, psychological assessment, psychotherapy, quackery

Experts’ Ratings of Mental Health Treatments in Ranked Order 

Round 1Round 2
% not% not
TreatmentMSDfamiliarMSDfamiliar
Angel therapy for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的愤怒治疗   
4.920.2871.44.980.1446.4
Use of pyramids for restoration of energy
能量金字塔重建
4.890.3231.74.980.1328.0
Orgone therapy (use of orgone box or orgone  energy  accumulator)
 for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的奥尔根治疗法
4.920.2826.04.970.1716.9
Crystal healing for treatment of mental/behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的氣輪陣自覺療法
4.820.4434.04.950.2121.0
Past lives therapy for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的前世疗法
4.810.4422.84.920.277.2
Future lives therapy for treatment of  mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的来世疗法
4.670.8042.44.880.3330.5
Treatments for PTSD caused by alien abduction
外星人诱拐引起的创伤后应激障碍
4.690.6826.74.850.4020.5
Rebirthing therapies for treatment of  mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的重生治疗
4.580.8210.94.750.464.8
Color therapy for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的色彩疗法
4.560.5659.64.680.6250.6
Primal scream therapy for treatment of  mental/behavioral disorders
尖叫治疗
4.515.94.610.724.8
Chiropractic manipulation for mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的整脊手法治疗
4.360.7029.34.570.6014.6
Thought Field Therapy for treatment of  mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的思維場療法治疗
4.211.0856.04.560.6646.4
Standard prefrontal lobotomy for treatment  of  mental/behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的标准前额白质切断术治疗
4.440.909.94.550.808.3
Aromatherapy for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders 
对于 心理/行为障碍香薰疗法
4.3332.34.550.6320.2
Erhard Seminar Training for treatment  of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的埃哈德式小组疗法
4.290.7837.44.470.8528.7
Age-regression methods for treating adults  who may have been  sexually abused as children
对于或许曾经遭遇过儿童期性虐待成人的催眠年龄倒退法
4.120.974.14.418.3
Craniosacral therapy for treatment of anxiety and depression 
对于焦虑抑郁的颅骶疗法
4.200.7667.74.380.7858.5
Preventive intervention for “born criminals”
对于“天生犯罪人”的预防干预
4.191.1366.34.360.8549.4
Sexual reorientation/reparative therapy  for homosexuality 
对于同性恋的性取向/性修复
4.251.009.14.290.917.1
Holding therapy for reactive attachment disorder
对于反应性童年依赖症的拥抱治疗
4.141.0637.84.290.7133.7
Treatments for mental disorders resulting  from Satanic ritual  abuse
针对邪教儀式虐待引起的精神障碍
3.981.3134.74.281.0522.0
Healing touch (not massage therapy) for  treatment of mental/ behavioral disorders
对于心理/行为障碍的接觸療法(非按摩治疗)
4.101.1241.44.130.9625.6
Psychological treatments of schizophrenia  based on the schizophrenogenic theory of schizophrenia
基于精神分裂症理论的精神分裂症心理治疗
3.811.1718.24.040.9813.4
Reparenting therapies for treatment of  mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍
3.841.1324.84.030.9413.4
Bettelheim model for treatment of childhood  autism
对于儿童自闭症的贝特尔海姆模式治疗
3.941.1919.44.010.9014.3
Dolphin-assisted therapy for treatment of developmental disabilities
对于身心發育障碍的海豚辅助治疗
3.731.3463.63.970.9652.4
Equine therapy for treatment of eating  disorders
对于进食障碍的马术疗法
3.641.1570.73.960.7369.5
Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) for treatment of mental/  behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的NLP治疗 
3.571.0626.73.870.9224.1
Psychosynthesis for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders 
对于 心理/行为障碍心理综合学治疗
3.691.2968.03.831.0465.1
Scared Straight programs for prevention  of conduct disorders and criminal behavior
对于预防品行疾患犯罪行为的直接恐吓计划
3.481.1023.03.800.8720.7
Emotional Freedom Technique for tx of mental/behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍
3.771.1574.73.8081.2
DARE programs for prevention of substance abuse/dependence
对于阻止物质依赖/滥用的DARE计划
3.651.2323.23.790.9918.3
Family therapy for schizophrenia based  on the double-bind  theory of schizophrenia
基于精神分裂症双盲理论的对于精神分裂的家庭治疗
3.731.3010.23.761.076.2
Jungian sand tray therapy for treatment of adolescent and adult  disorders
对于青少年和成人的荣格沙盘治疗 
3.491.3438.43.760.9439.8
Rage reduction therapy for depression3.711.1442.63.721.0136.9
Freudian dream analysis for treatment  of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的弗洛伊德的梦境分析疗法
3.651.352.03.671.213.7
Facilitated communication for treatment  of autism
对于自闭症的辅助交流治疗
3.491.4826.33.671.2021.0
Bioenergetic therapy for treatment of  mental/behavioral  disorders
对于心理/行为障碍的生物能量释放治疗
3.371.1147.53.630.8633.3
Insight-oriented psychotherapies for sex offenders
对于性犯罪者的内观取向疗法
3.471.327.13.540.993.6
Catharsis/ventilation treatment for anger disorders
对于愤怒障碍的宣泄/通气治疗
3.321.239.13.530.948.4
Psychotherapy for the treatment of penis envy
对于阝月茎嫉羡的心理治疗
3.601.5122.83.521.3418.3
Marathon encounter groups for treatment  of mental/behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的马拉松会心团体治疗
3.431.2112.93.491.0212.0
Acupuncture for treatment of mental/behavioral  disorders
对于心理/行为障碍的针灸治疗
3.531.0824.53.480.9423.8
Psychotherapy for castration anxiety
对于阉割焦虑的心理治疗
3.421.5225.73.261.3420.7
Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) for acute trauma
对于急性创伤的严重事件应激晤谈
3.021.4315.53.251.0511.0
Psychosocial therapies for treatment of pedophilia
对于恋童癖的社会心理疗法
3.301.2616.83.231.0414.5
Neurofeedback for ADHD
对于ADHD的神经反馈
3.101.0838.03.141.0030.1
Classical psychoanalysis for removal of Axis I symptoms
移除轴I症状的经典精神分析
3.221.311.03.101.073.7
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for  thetreatment of trauma
对于创伤的EMDR治疗
2.881.134.03.061.202.4
Moreno’s psychodrama for treatment of mental/behavioral
disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的莫纳则心理剧治疗
2.951.1425.72.930.9517.1
W. R. Bion’s method of group analysis for treatment of  mental/behavioral disorders
对于 心理/行为障碍的比昂团体分析方法治疗
2.931.3667.02.911.1360.7
Laughter or humor therapy for treatment of depression
对于抑郁症的大笑/幽默疗法
2.830.9236.62.810.7424.1
Psychosocial (nonbehavioral) therapies for ADHD
对于ADHD的(无行为取向的)社会心理疗法
2.851.1217.82.791.0213.6
Thought stopping procedures for ruminations/intrusive worry
对于自我反思反芻的思考停止程序
2.251.106.92.200.942.4
Behavior therapy for sex offenders
性犯罪的行为疗法
1.971.037.12.050.913.6
Note. Ratings made on a 5-point, Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all discredited, 2 = unlikely discredited, 3 = possibly discredited, 4 = probably discredited, 5 = certainly discredited. PTSD = post-traumatic stress disorder; tx = treatment; ADHD = attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
原文链接:http://www.omnibehavioralhealth.com/pdf/delphi_poll.pdf

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