MOTHERS, MACHINES, AND MORALS: HARRY HARLOW’S WORK ON PRIMATE LOVE FROM LAB T…
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标签: HARLOW Harlow 依恋
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MOTHERS, MACHINES, AND MORALS: HARRY HARLOW’S WORK ON PRIMATE LOVE FROM LAB TO LEGEND
MARGA VICEDO
“Love is a wondrous state, deep, tender and rewarding.” But because of its intimate and personal nature, scientists had considered love to be “an improper topic for experimental research.” Thus in his 1958 presidential address to the American Psychological Association did Harry Harlow express concern about his fellow psychologists’ lack of interest in a motive that “pervades our entire lives.” In his view, psychologists were failing in their mission “to analyze all facets of human and animal behavior into their component variables” (Harlow, 1958, p. 673). Harlow’s talk, “The Nature of Love,” changed the status of mother love within the walls of the laboratory and beyond. Harlow presented his experiments with rhesus monkeys and “surrogate” mothers, dolls made of cloth and wire. He showed that even when the wire mothers provided the infants with milk, the young rhesus spent much of their time clutching the cloth mother. These experiments have become legendary in the scientific community and in popular culture.
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