THE ORIGINS OF ATTACHMENT THEORY:JOHN BOWLBY AND MARY AINSWORTH
作者: Bowlby / 11790次阅读 时间: 2010年2月24日
来源: Reference: Developmental Psychology (1992), 28, 75 标签: Ainsworth AINSWORTH attachment Attachment ATTACHMENT Bowlby BOWLBY
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Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth &
"BO'gSy3S3lTm0Bowlby, 1991 ). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing,
nNd:OVk#Ym7E!B @0developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of心理学空间6\.h.v8MLD4M
the theory. He thereby revolutionized our thinking about a child’s tie to the mother and its
*C;C9vH$o.L0disruption through separation, deprivation, and bereavement. Mary Ainsworth’s innovative心理学空间)p[9UqI _6\)S7ds
methodology not only made it possible to test some of Bowlby’s ideas empirically hut also心理学空间O,tELlt,w
helped expand the theory itself and is responsible for some of the new directions it is now
(v*Wgl:NI0IL0taking. Ainsworth contributed the concept of the attachment figure as a secure base from
4T?1bU;pVPPX0which an infant can explore the world. In addition, she formulated the concept of maternal心理学空间*R9[\dTmn"F
sensitivity to infant signals and its role in the development of infant-mother attachment
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http://www.psychology.sunysb.edu/attachment/online/inge_origins.pdf

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TAG: Ainsworth AINSWORTH attachment Attachment ATTACHMENT Bowlby BOWLBY
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