分离保护者模式简介The detached protector
作者: Arnoud Arntz / 6209次阅读 时间: 2013年11月13日
来源: Schema Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder 标签: protector 来访者 欲望 咨询师 自卑感

The detached protector分离保护者模式

作者:Arnoud Arntz


When the patient is in the detached protector mode, the patient seems relatively mature and calm. A therapist could assume the patient is doing well. In fact, the patient uses this protective mode in order to avoid experiencing or revealing her feelings of fear (abandoned child), inferiority (punishing parent) or anger (impulsive child). Underlying assumptions that play important roles here are those of: it is dangerous to show your feelings and/or desires and to express your opinion. The patient fears losing control of her feelings. She attempts to protect herself from the alleged abuse or abandonment. This becomes particularly evident as she becomes attached to others. The protector keeps other people at a distance either by not engaging in contact or by pushing them away. Should others discover her weaknesses, the patient would face potential humiliation, punishment and/or abandonment. Therefore, for her it is better to not feel anything at all and keep others from getting too close to her.


Sample dialogue with a patient in the protector mode

(In this example and following dialogues, ‘ t' is therapist and ‘p' is patient.)

t : How are you doing?

p : (with no emotion) Good.

t : How was your week, did anything happen that you would like to talk about?

p : (looks away and yawns) No, not really.

t : So, everything's OK?

p : Yeah, everything's OK. Maybe we could have a short session today?








Should simple methods of avoiding painful emotions prove ineffective, she may attempt other manners of escape, such as substance abuse, self - injury (physical pain can sometimes numb psychological pain), staying in bed, disassociation or attempting to end her life. BPD patients often describe this mode as an empty space or a cold feeling. They report feeling distanced from all experiences while in this mode, including therapy.


If the patient is not successful at keeping people at a distance, she can become angry and cynical in an attempt to keep people away from her. It is important for the therapist to recognize these behaviours as forms of protection and not be put off by them. If this angry state is very pronounced, it can be distinguished as a separate ‘ angry protector' mode.


It is difficult to distinguish the angry protector from the punitive parent, especially during the initial stages of the therapy. One manner of distinction is to observe the direction of the patient's anger. While the angry protector's rage is directed towards the therapist (or someone else), the punitive parent's anger is directed towards the patient herself. If the therapist is unsure of the mode he is presented with, he can simply ask the patient if she is able to disclose which ‘ side' of her personality is currently active.


TAG: protector 来访者 欲望 咨询师 自卑感
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